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PURPOSE To determine the changes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during the periictal phase in status epilepticus (SE). PATIENTS AND METHODS We identified 15 patients diagnosed of status epilepticus with corresponding MRI changes, including 11 patients with generalized convulsive status epilepticus (GCSE), 2 with complex partial status epilepticus(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate whether arterial spin labeling (ASL) perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can reliably quantify perfusion deficit as compared to dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI. METHODS Thirty-nine patients with acute ischemic stroke in the anterior circulation territory were recruited. All(More)
The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with bone grafts infection after cranioplasty. Eighty-four cranioplasties were performed on 75 patients between 2002 and 2006. Cryopreserved bone grafts were used as graft material in group 1 and polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) was used in group 2. Risk factors including age, gender, time(More)
OBJECTIVE Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is a rare complication of vertebral artery dissection (VAD). Its clinical features and outcomes have not yet been well documented. METHODS In addition to reporting a case with bilateral SCI caused by left VAD, we performed a systematic review of the literature conducted through a PubMed search. RESULTS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND Whether a perfusion defect exists in lacunar infarct and whether it is related to early neurological deterioration (END) is still under debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether END in lacunar infarct is related to a perfusion defect using diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and perfusion MR imaging. (More)
BACKGROUND The comparative relationships of widely recognized biomarkers of renal injury with short-term and long-term outcomes among critically ill acute stroke patients are unknown. We evaluated the impact of baseline albuminuria [urine albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 mg/g] or low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of hydrocephalus and understand the influence of hydrocephalus on the functional outcome of patients undergoing decompressive craniectomy for malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed data of consecutive patients who underwent decompressive(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to examine the frequency and risk factors of gastrointestinal (GI) hemorrhage in acute ischemic stroke patients in Taiwan. METHOD 920 patients admitted for acute ischemic stroke from January 2001 to October 2005 were included in the study. We reviewed the available medical records for any episode of GI hemorrhage,(More)
Although unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion and bilateral internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion have been reported in the past, bilateral CCA occlusion is rare. The management and mechanism of unilateral CCA occlusion and bilateral ICA occlusion are debatable, but those of bilateral CCA occlusion are largely unknown. Herein, we present a(More)
The oxidative stress is believed to be one of the mechanisms involved in the neuronal damage after acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the disease severity correlation between oxidative stress biomarker level and deep brain microstructural changes in acute TBI remains unknown. In present study, twenty-four patients with acute TBI and 24 healthy(More)