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Genome sequencing has revealed that fungi have the ability to synthesize many more natural products (NPs) than are currently known, but methods for obtaining suitable expression of NPs have been inadequate. We have developed a successful strategy that bypasses normal regulatory mechanisms. By efficient gene targeting, we have replaced, en masse, the(More)
The significant advances in microarray and proteomics analyses have resulted in an exponential increase in potential new targets and have promised to shed light on the identification of disease markers and cellular pathways. We aim to collect and decipher the HCC-related genes at the systems level. Here, we build an integrative platform, the E ncyclopedia(More)
Bidens pilosa is used as an ethnical medicine for bacterial infection or immune modulation in Asia, America and Africa. Here, we employed an IFN-gamma promoter-driven luciferase reporter construct and T cells to characterize immunomodulatory compounds from this plant based on a bioactivity-guided isolation principle. We found that PHA, a positive control,(More)
We reannotated the A. niger NR-PKS gene, e_gw1_19.204, and its downstream R domain gene, est_GWPlus_C_190476, as a single gene which we named dtbA. Heterologous expression of dtbA in A. nidulans demonstrated that DtbA protein produces two polyketides, 2,4-dihydroxy-3,5,6-trimethylbenzaldehyde (1) and 6-ethyl-2,4-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzaldehyde (2).(More)
We previously found that centaurein enhanced IFN-gamma transcription in T cells. Here, we demonstrate that centaurein increased the IFN-gamma expression in T and NK cells and the serum IFN-gamma level in mice. Centaurein elevated the transcription of T-bet but not GATA-3, which is consistent with its effect on that of IFN-gamma but not IL-4. Additionally,(More)
Genome sequencing of Aspergillus species including Aspergillus nidulans has revealed that there are far more secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters than secondary metabolites isolated from these organisms. This implies that these organisms can produce additional secondary metabolites, which have not yet been elucidated. The A. nidulans genome(More)
The evolutionarily conserved Aurora family kinases, a family of mitotic serine/threonine kinases, has three members in humans (Aurora-A, -B and -C). Overexpression of Aurora family members, particularly Aurora-A, has been reported in many human cancers and cell lines. In this study, we present evidence based on comparative gene expression analysis via(More)
Epipolythiodioxopiperazines (ETPs) are a class of fungal secondary metabolites derived from diketopiperazines. Acetylaranotin belongs to one structural subgroup of ETPs characterized by the presence of a seven-membered 4,5-dihydrooxepine ring. Defining the genes involved in acetylaranotin biosynthesis should provide a means to increase the production of(More)
Bidens pilosa is used as an ethnical medicine for bacterial infection or immune modulation in Asia, America and Africa. Here, we employed n IFNpromoter-driven luciferase reporter construct and T cells to characterize immunomodulatory compounds from this plant based on a ioactivity-guided isolation principle. We found that PHA, a positive control, caused a(More)
Fungal genome projects are revealing thousands of cryptic secondary metabolism (SM) biosynthetic gene clusters that encode pathways that potentially produce valuable compounds. Heterologous expression systems should allow these clusters to be expressed and their products obtained, but approaches are needed to identify the most valuable target clusters. The(More)