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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8) involves the expression of an expanded CTG/CAG combined repeats (CR) from opposite strands producing CUG expansion transcripts (ataxin 8 opposite strand, ATXN8OS) and a polyglutamine expansion protein (ataxin 8, ATXN8). The pathogenesis of SCA8 is complex and the spectrum of clinical presentations is broad. Using stably(More)
Spinal cerebellar ataxia type 12 (SCA12) has been attributed to the elevated expression of ppp2r2b. To better elucidate the pathomechanism of the neuronal disorder and to search for a pharmacological treatment, Drosophila models of SCA12 were generated by overexpression of a human ppp2r2b and its Drosophila homolog tws. Ectopic expression of ppp2r2b or tws(More)
We identified and cloned a mouse double homeobox gene (Duxbl), which encodes two homeodomains. Duxbl gene, a tandem triplicate produces two major transcripts, Duxbl and Duxbl-s. The amino acid sequences of Duxbl homeodomains are most similar to those of human DUX4 protein, associated with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. In adult tissues, Duxbl is(More)
PPP2R2B, a protein widely expressed in neurons throughout the brain, regulates the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activity for the microtubule-associated protein tau and other substrates. Altered PP2A activity has been implicated in spinocerebellar ataxia 12, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and other tauopathies. Through a case-control study and a reporter assay,(More)
Proximal spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a motor neuron degeneration disorder for which there is currently no effective treatment. Here, we report three compounds (sodium vanadate, trichostatin A and aclarubicin) that effectively enhance SMN2 expression by inducing Stat5 activation in SMA-like mouse embryonic fibroblasts and human SMN2-transfected NSC34(More)
We isolated a novel bHLH-Zip gene designated Spz1 from a mouse testis cDNA library. Spz1 is expressed specifically in the testis and epididymis. Immunofluorescence staining detected Spz1 protein in the nuclei of LFG6 Leydig cells. The ability of Spz1 protein to bind to the bHLH consensus-binding site, the E-box, was confirmed by EMSA, and a 9-bp asymmetric(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17) is caused by expansion of the polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in human TATA-box binding protein (TBP) that is ubiquitously expressed in both central nervous system and peripheral tissues. The spectrum of SCA17 clinical presentation is broad. The precise pathogenic mechanism in SCA17 remains unclear. Previously proteomics study(More)
BACKGROUND Expansion of the CAG repeat of the TATA-box binding protein (TBP) gene has been identified as the causative mutations in spinocerebellar ataxia 17 (SCA17). TBP is ubiquitously expressed in both central nervous system and peripheral tissues. The underlying molecular changes of SCA17 are rarely explored. METHODS To study the molecular mechanisms(More)
Spz1, a previously identified basic helix-loop-helix-leucine zipper (bHLH-Zip) transcription factor, is expressed specifically in the testis and epididymis of adult mice. However, Spz1's in vivo function is unclear. To study the function of Spz1 in vivo, we established Spz1 transgenic mice. Using this model, we were able to demonstrate that overexpression(More)
In spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 (SCA17), the expansion of a translated CAG repeat in the TATA box binding protein (TBP) gene results in a long polyglutamine (polyQ) tract in the TBP protein, leading to intracellular accumulation of aggregated TBP and cell death. The molecular chaperones act in preventing protein aggregation to ameliorate downstream(More)