Hsiu-Jung Liao

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Persistent hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection results in chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recent studies in animal models of viral infection indicate that the interaction between the inhibitory receptor, programmed death (PD)-1, on lymphocytes and its ligand (PD-L1) play a critical role in T-cell exhaustion by inducing(More)
The TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand was shown to provide a costimulatory signal that cooperates with the TCR/CD3 complex to induce T cell proliferation and cytokine production. Although a number of signaling pathways were linked to the TCR/CD3 complex, it is not known how these two receptors cooperate to induce T cell activation. In this study, we(More)
Simvastatin has been shown to stimulate osteogenic cell differentiation. Our previous study showed osteoblasts on trabecular surface are increased by simvastatin treatment in animal study. However, whether simvastatin stimulates osteoblast proliferation and by what molecular mechanism have not been adequately investigated. Because the mitochondrial function(More)
Human osteoclast formation from mononuclear phagocyte precursors involves interactions between tumor necrosis factor (TNF) ligand superfamily members and their receptors. Recent evidence indicates that in addition to triggering apoptosis, the TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) induces osteoclast differentiation. To understand TRAIL-mediated(More)
Persistent hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection results in chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An efficient control of virus infections requires the coordinated actions of both innate and adaptive immune responses. In order to define the role of innate immunity effectors against HBV, viral clearance was studied in a panel of(More)
OBJECTIVE Proline-serine-threonine-phosphatase-interacting protein 2 (PSTPIP2) is involved in macrophage activation, neutrophil motility and osteoclast differentiation. However, the role of PSTPIP2 in inflammation and autoinflammatory diseases is still not clear. In this study, we generated PSTPIP2 knockout (Pstpip2(-/-)) mice to investigate its phenotype(More)
Galectin-3, a member of the β-galactoside-binding lectin family, expresses in many different immune cells and modulates broad biological functions including cell adhesion, cell activation, cell growth, apoptosis, and inflammation. However, the role of galectin-3 in mucosal immunity or inflammatory bowel diseases is still not clear. We demonstrate here that(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been implicated in the regulation of inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), primarily due to its ability to promote apoptosis in synoviocytes and infiltrating lymphocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory mechanism and role of TRAIL in inflammatory(More)
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