Hsing-Yu Hsu

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Tylophorine, a phenanthroindolizidine alkaloid, is the major medicinal constituent of herb Tylophora indica. Tylophorine treatment increased the accumulation of c-Jun protein, a component of activator protein 1 (AP1), in carcinoma cells. An in vitro kinase assay revealed that the resultant c-Jun phosphorylation was primarily mediated via activated c-Jun(More)
Glutaminase, which converts glutamine to glutamate, is involved in Warburg effect in cancer cells. Two human glutaminase genes have been identified, GLS (GLS1) and GLS2. Two alternative transcripts arise from each glutaminase gene: first, the kidney isoform (KGA) and glutaminase C (GAC) for GLS; and, second, the liver isoform (LGA) and glutaminase B (GAB)(More)
Real-time and specific detection of single bacterium remains a fundamental challenge and draws very much attention. Using test patterns composed of interdigitated Au-electrode arrays modified with antibody, the specific and quantitative detection of the electrical conductivity of a single Escherichia coli (E. coli, JM109) has been carried out in this work.(More)
An investigation of alkaloids present in the leaves and stems of Tylophora ovata led to the isolation of two new septicine alkaloids and one new phenanthroindolizidine alkaloid, tylophovatines A, B, C (1, 2, and 5), respectively, together with two known septicine and six known phenanthroindolizidine alkaloids. The structures of the new alkaloids 1, 2, and 5(More)
A series of novel tylophorine-derived dibenzoquinolines has been synthesized and their biological activity evaluated. Three assays were conducted: inhibition of cancer cell proliferation, inhibition of TGEV replication for anticoronavirus activity, and suppression of nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 cells (a measure of anti-inflammation). The most potent(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the root tissue of Reevesia formosana led to isolation of 13 cardenolide glycosides, reevesiosides A-I and epi-reevesiosides F-I. Their structures were determined by means of spectroscopic analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction was performed using reevesioside A. Reevesioside A, reevesioside F, and epi-reevesioside F(More)
Tylophorine compounds have been the focus of drug development for decades. Tylophorine derivatives exhibit anti-cancer activities but their cellular targets remain unknown. We used a biotinylated tylophorine derivative to probe for the interacting cellular target(s) of tylophorine. Tylophorine directly binds to caprin-1 and consequently enhances the(More)
A series of naturally occurring cardenolides that exhibit potent anti-transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) activity in swine testicular (ST) cells has been identified. In an immunofluorescence assay, these cardenolides were found to diminish the expressions of TGEV nucleocapsid and spike protein, which was used as an indication for viral replication;(More)
Humans have two glutaminase genes, GLS (GLS1) and GLS2, each of which has two alternative transcripts: the kidney isoform (KGA) and glutaminase C (GAC) for GLS; and the liver isoform (LGA) and glutaminase B (GAB) for GLS2. Initial hit compound (Z)-5-((1-(4-bromophenyl)-2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-3-yl)methylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione (1), a(More)
Bioassay-guided fractionation of the fruits of Reevesia formosana led to isolation of three cardenolides (reevesioside J, reevesioside K, and epi-reevesioside K), three sesquiterpenoids (reevesiterpenol C, reevesiterpenol D, and reevesiterpenol E), and two glycosides (reevesianin A and reevesianin B), along with 46 known compounds. Their structures were(More)
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