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Trisomy 18 is the second most common autosomal trisomy in newborns. The birth prevalence of this disorder is approximately 1 in 3,000 to 1 in 8,000, and the life span of the majority of patients is less than 1 year. As information regarding outcome in trisomy 18 is rather fragmentary in the literature, this study is aimed at investigating the survival and(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric perforation among neonates is a rare but frequently fatal condition of uncertain etiology. The aim of this study was to review the clinical course of neonatal gastric perforation and to evaluate possible prognostic factors. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 15 patients with neonatal gastric perforation over a(More)
Hypoxic encephalopathy is rarely mentioned as a cause of neurogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) in children. We here report six cases of DI which occurred after severe hypoxic/ischaemic brain damage and include a review of the literature on 28 paediatric cases of neurogenic DI due solely to severe hypoxia/ischaemia. Airway obstruction, haemorrhagic shock and(More)
The aims of this study were to assess the hemodynamics of the cerebral arteries and intraventricular hemorrhage in very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants with and without patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) by cranial Doppler sonography. VLBW infants with significant PDA were recruited into the study (sPDA) group. Arterial blood gas analysis and complete blood(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of the present retrospective study was to clarify the clinical course, major pathogens, and other infections associated with infected cephalohematoma. METHODS From January 1978 to December 2003, records of all newborns were reviewed for evidence of an infected cephalohematoma, based either on local signs of infection or a(More)
BACKGROUND Breast milk is the main source of postnatal human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between HCMV load in breast milk and viral transmission to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS Breast-fed VLBW infants who were born to HCMV-seropositive mothers and who were managed in a neonatal(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the risk of transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) by breast milk from CMV-seropositive mothers to their breast-fed preterm infants and to evaluate their outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study population comprised breast-fed preterm infants with a birth weight of <1,500 g and gestational age of <35 weeks. Venous blood samples from the(More)
The purpose of this study was to analyse the clinical differences between omphalocele and gastroschisis in Taiwan, with special reference to associated anomalies and outcomes. A retrospective review was conducted of 115 cases seen between January 1990 and June 2000 at two tertiary medical centres in Taiwan. Data included perinatal events and associated(More)
BACKGROUND Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) were implemented in our hospital in 2004. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program and changes in pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility. METHODS The(More)
The lack of good evidence for improved outcomes in children and young infants with febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) after aggressive treatment for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) has raised doubts regarding the need for routine voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), and the appropriate imaging evaluation in these children remains controversial. This(More)