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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs of approximately 22 nucleotides, which negatively regulate the gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. This study describes an update of the miRTarBase (http://miRTarBase.mbc.nctu.edu.tw/) that provides information about experimentally validated miRNA-target interactions (MTIs). The latest update of(More)
MAX dimerization protein 1 (MAD1) is a transcription suppressor that antagonizes MYC-mediated transcription activation, and the inhibition mechanism occurs mainly through the competition of target genes' promoter MYC binding sites by MAD1. The promoter binding proteins switch between MYC and MAD1 affects cell proliferation and differentiation. However,(More)
Protein O-GlcNAcylation, involving the attachment of single N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) to the hydroxyl group of serine or threonine residues. Elucidation of O-GlcNAcylation sites on proteins is required in order to decipher its crucial roles in regulating cellular processes and aid in drug design. With an increasing number of O-GlcNAcylation sites(More)
Tarocystatin (CeCPI) from taro (Colocasia esculenta cv. Kaohsiung no. 1), a group-2 phytocystatin, shares a conserved N-terminal cystatin domain (NtD) with other phytocystatins but contains a C-terminal cystatin-like extension (CtE). The structure of the tarocystatin–papain complex and the domain interaction between NtD and CtE in tarocystatin have not been(More)
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Although many biomarkers have been identified for lung cancer, their low specificity and sensitivity present an urgent need for the identification of more candidate biomarkers. In this study, we conducted MRM-based targeted analysis to evaluate the potential utility of a list of candidate(More)
Phyllanthus urinaria (P. urinaria), in this study, was used for the treatment of human osteosarcoma cells, which is one of the tough malignancies with few therapeutic modalities. Herein, we demonstrated that P. urinaria inhibited human osteosarcoma 143B cells growth through an apoptotic extrinsic pathway to activate Fas receptor/ligand expression. Both(More)
This software system based upon the Student-Problem chart analysis theory can help teachers manage the miscellaneous tasks of educational assessment. Its major functions include: 1. Diagnosing student learning: Teachers can diagnose students who are maladjusted to the learning environment. At the same time, teachers should provide separate learning plan to(More)
BACKGROUND the difference in the risk of thyroid malignancy for patients with multinodular goiter (MNG) and solitary nodular goiter (SNG) remains controversial. Although total thyroidectomy (TT) is the current preferred surgical option for MNG, permanent hypothyroidism in these patients may be a concern. Therefore, we discuss whether nontotal thyroidectomy(More)
Pleural effusion, an accumulation of pleural fluid, contains proteins originating from plasma filtrate and, especially when tissues are damaged, parenchymal interstitial spaces of lungs and/or other organs. This report presents data of the first global proteomic analysis of human pleural effusion. A composite sample was prepared by pooling pleural effusions(More)
Paclitaxel is widely used to treat several types of solid tumors. The commercially available paclitaxel formulation contains Cremophor/ethanol as solubilizers. This study evaluated the effects of D-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 400 succinate (TPGS 400) on the oral absorption of paclitaxel in mice. Mice were given an intravenous (18mg/kg) or oral(More)