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A 49-year-old man was brought to our hospital because of lethargy. His medical history was hydrocephalus with ventriculoperitoneal shunt initially. The ventriculoperitoneal shunt was replaced several times owing to malfunction, and it was later replaced with a right-sided ventriculopleural shunt. The chest radiograph revealed a mass at the right lung. The(More)
Cigarette smoking causes persistent lung inflammation that is mainly regulated by redox-sensitive pathways. We have reported that cigarette smoke (CS) activates a NADPH oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway leading to induction of lung inflammation. Glucosamine, a dietary supplement(More)
OBJECTIVES Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is useful for restaging renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and detecting metastatic diseases but is less satisfactory for detecting primary disease. We evaluated whether the integration of computed tomography (CT) scans with the PET system could increase the applicability of FDG-PET for(More)
AIM The purpose of the current study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FDG PET or PET/CT for intramedullary and extramedullary lesions in multiple myeloma. METHODS The authors conducted a systematic MEDLINE search of published articles. Two reviewers independently(More)
AIM The purpose of the current study was to conduct a systemic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FDG PET or PET/CT in urinary bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors conducted a systematic MEDLINE search of articles published between January 2000 and December 2010. Two reviewers(More)
A case of renal insufficiency received Hickman catheter insertion for hemodialysis suffered from fever and continuous discharge after then. Local infection at the insertion site of the Hickman catheter was less favored due to the insertion site is absent in local redness, swelling or pus formation and the discharge is large in amount and clear in character.(More)
The anthraquinones emodin and aloe-emodin are abundant in rhubarb. Several lines of evidence indicate that emodin and aloe-emodin have estrogenic activity as phytoestrogens. However, their effects on estrogen receptor α (ER α ) activation and breast cancer cell growth remain controversial. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects and molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Mineral and bone disorder (MBD) is common and associated with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) Given that disarrays in serum phosphorus (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and their changes over time are closely interrelated, modeling mortality-predictability of their combinations may help improve CKD patient(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) increases chemokine production in lung epithelial cells (LECs), but the pathways involved are not completely understood. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a crucial regulator of energy homeostasis, may modulate inflammation. Here, we show that cigarette smoke extract sequentially activated NADPH oxidase; increased intracellular(More)
Kayexalate (sodium polystyrene sulfonate) is a cation-exchange resin used to treat patients with hyperkalemia. Concomitant administration of kayexalate and sorbitol may induce gastrointestinal injury, which is potentially lethal. However, this well-documented complication is often underrecognized both clinically and pathologically. We propose a typical case(More)