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Cigarette smoking causes persistent lung inflammation that is mainly regulated by redox-sensitive pathways. We have reported that cigarette smoke (CS) activates a NADPH oxidase-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway leading to induction of lung inflammation. Glucosamine, a dietary supplement(More)
OBJECTIVE We retrospectively investigate the prevalence of gynecomastia as false-positive 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Among the 127 male HCC patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT scan, the 18FDG uptakes at the(More)
OBJECTIVES Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is useful for restaging renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and detecting metastatic diseases but is less satisfactory for detecting primary disease. We evaluated whether the integration of computed tomography (CT) scans with the PET system could increase the applicability of FDG-PET for(More)
AIM The purpose of the current study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FDG PET or PET/CT for intramedullary and extramedullary lesions in multiple myeloma. METHODS The authors conducted a systematic MEDLINE search of published articles. Two reviewers independently(More)
AIM The purpose of the current study was to conduct a systemic review and meta-analysis of the published literature to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FDG PET or PET/CT in urinary bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The authors conducted a systematic MEDLINE search of articles published between January 2000 and December 2010. Two reviewers(More)
Two mechanism-based activity probes, adopting a cassette-like design, for protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) were synthesized. Both probes carry a phosphate group that serves as the recognition head for the target PTPs but differ in their reporter groups; probe LCL-1 uses a dansyl fluorophore, while LCL-2 has a biotin reporter group. LCL-1 and LCL-2 are(More)
BACKGROUND Mineral and bone disorder (MBD) is common and associated with mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) Given that disarrays in serum phosphorus (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and their changes over time are closely interrelated, modeling mortality-predictability of their combinations may help improve CKD patient(More)
Cigarette smoke (CS) increases chemokine production in lung epithelial cells (LECs), but the pathways involved are not completely understood. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a crucial regulator of energy homeostasis, may modulate inflammation. Here, we show that cigarette smoke extract sequentially activated NADPH oxidase; increased intracellular(More)
A case of renal insufficiency received Hickman catheter insertion for hemodialysis suffered from fever and continuous discharge after then. Local infection at the insertion site of the Hickman catheter was less favored due to the insertion site is absent in local redness, swelling or pus formation and the discharge is large in amount and clear in character.(More)
Background: Understanding of immunobiology of bone marrow metastases (designated BM-NPC) versus primary tumors (P-NPC) of the nasopharynx is far from complete. The aim of this study was to determine if there would be differences between cultured P-NPCs and BM-NPCs with respect to (i) constitutive IL-6 and the IL-6 receptor gp80 subunit (IL-6Rα) levels in(More)