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This paper studies optimization of tool path planning in 5-axis flank milling of ruled surfaces using advanced Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) methods with machining error as an objective. We enlarge the solution space in the optimization by relaxing the constraint imposed by previous studies that the cutter must make contact with the boundary curves.(More)
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The conventional auto-focus and zoom image systems were made by a set of motor-moved lenses. Because of mechanical moving parts, it is not easy to miniaturize their sizes. In this paper, we propose a thin autofocus system using a large stroke MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems) deformable mirror which has the potential to downscale the size and to(More)
This paper proposes a novel method for generation of optimized tool path in 5-axis flank milling of ruled surfaces based on Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The 3D geometric problem, tool path generation, is transformed into a mathematical programming task with the machined surface error as the objective function in the optimization. This approach(More)
In this paper, we report spring corner designs and driving waveforms to improve the reliability for a MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System) actuator. In order to prevent the stiction problems, no stopper or damping absorber is adopted. Therefore, an actuator could travel long distance by electromagnetic force without any object in moving path to absorb(More)
5-axis machining technology has received much attention since the late 90’s. It offers better machining efficiency and superior shaping capability compared with 3-axis machining. Machining error control is considered to be a challenging task in 5-axis flank milling of complex geometries. Previous studies have shown that optimized tool path planning(More)
This paper presents an improved tool positioning strategy in the 5-axis flank milling of a ruled surface by using simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA) techniques. The SPSA allows the near-global optimization of the machining error, even though the corresponding objective is not formulated as a closed-form representation. It adjusts all(More)