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The role of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in mediating the effect of testosterone exposure prenatally on neuronal apoptosis in the sexual dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) of rats was studied. The endogenous testosterone was diminished by prenatal stress (PNS) or simulated by testosterone exposure (TE) to understand the effect of(More)
The age-related morphological changes in the darkly stained sex-dimorphic nucleus (SDN-POA) and the lighter staining surrounding area (non-SDN-POA) within the medial division of preoptic nucleus of Long-Evans rats were studied. The long-term effects of estradiol benzoate (EB) on the changes were also assessed. During aging, the neuron loss in(More)
Sexual dimorphism has been found in the preoptic area of the hypothalamus (POA), a major site of glutamate actions via N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) of male rats exhibits about seven-fold greater nuclear volume than that of females. A naturally occurring neonatal neuronal apoptosis, that(More)
The relationship between the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and the sex-specific neurotoxicity of L-glutamate on the preoptic area (POA) of neonatal rats was studied. The NMDAR were semiquantified by western blot analysis. The kinetic change of intracellular calcium and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) efflux were monitored as rapid and delayed toxic(More)
Neuron density, volume of the area and total neuron number were measured in the medial preoptic area (MPOA), supraoptic nucleus (SO), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), anterior hypothalamic area (AHA), ventromedial nucleus (VMN), dorsomedial nucleus (DMN) and arcuate nucleus (ARN) of the hypothalamus in young adult female rats (3.5-5 months old) and in old(More)
The neurotoxic effect of monosodium L-glutamate (MSG) on the morphologies in the darkly stained sexually dimorphic nucleus of the preoptic area (SDN-POA) and the lighter-staining surrounding area (non-SDN-POA) within the medial preoptic nucleus (MPN) was evaluated. Male and female Long-Evans rats were used. MSG (4 mg/g of body weight) was administered(More)
The topography of the ectoderm was examined by scanning electron microscopy during neurulation in rat embryos at stage 24 (somites 8-11). A zone of altered cell morphology was observed along the crest of neural folds. This zone was located between the presumptive neural tube and the surface ectoderm and exhibited numerous rounded cell blebs, immediately(More)
Neurotoxicological studies have indicated that L-glutamate exhibits more pronounced effects on the preoptic area (POA) neurons of male rats than on those of females in the neonatal period. However, no information has previously been available as to whether or not such sexual dimorphism also exists for the effects of glutamate on astrocytes from POA. The(More)
Neuron density, volume of the area and total neuron number were measured in the medial preoptic area, anterior hypothalamic area and arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus of young (6-month-old), middle age (14-month-old) and old (22-month-old) male and female rats. Intact male rats did not show neuron loss even in old age, while intact female rats manifested(More)
The neurotoxic effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on certain parts of the central nervous system (CNS) and endocrine functions are well documented. MSG-treated rats exhibit stunted growth, obesity and decrease in sexual behavior. The present study was designed to evaluate how neonatal administration of MSG affects sex-odor attractivity and approach(More)