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A protein ligand for the ECK receptor protein-tyrosine kinase has been isolated by using the extracellular domain (ECK-X) of the receptor as an affinity reagent. Initially, concentrated cell culture supernatants were screened for receptor binding activity using immobilized ECK-X in a surface plasmon resonance detection system. Subsequently, supernatants(More)
Neuregulins (also known as ARIA, NDF, heregulin, GGF) are a family of widely expressed growth and differentiation factors. Neuregulins secreted from motor neurons accumulate at maturing neuromuscular junctions, where they stimulate transcription of genes encoding specific acetylcholine receptors. How these factors function at central synapses, however, is(More)
A novel megakaryocyte growth and development factor (MGDF) has been identified in aplastic canine plasma, and its cDNAs have been cloned from canine, murine, and human sources. Purified canine MGDF isolated by procedures involving MpI receptor affinity chromatography exists in at least two forms, with apparent molecular masses of 25 kDa and 31 kDa, that(More)
Pseudomonas mendocina KR1 metabolizes toluene as a carbon source by a previously unknown pathway. The initial step of the pathway is hydroxylation of toluene to form p-cresol by a multicomponent toluene-4-monooxygenase (T4MO) system. The T4MO enzyme system has broad substrate specificity and provides a new opportunity for biodegradation of toxic compounds(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) transcriptional activation is mediated by the viral transactivator, Tax, and three 21-bp repeats (Tax response element [TxRE]) located in the U3 region of the viral long terminal repeat (LTR). Each TxRE contains a core cyclic AMP response element (CRE) flanked by 5' G-rich and 3' C-rich sequences. The TxRE(More)
Investigators using anti-EpoR antibodies for immunoblotting and immunostaining have reported erythropoietin receptor (EpoR) expression in nonhematopoietic tissues including human tumors. However, these antibodies detected proteins of 66 to 78 kDa, significantly larger than the predicted molecular weight of EpoR (56-57 kDa). We investigated the specificity(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) is an early-acting hematopoietic cytokine that elicits multiple biological effects. SCF is dimeric and occurs in soluble and membrane-bound forms. It transduces signals by ligand- mediated dimerization of its receptor, Kit, which is a receptor tyrosine kinase related to the receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF),(More)
Cynomolgus monkey renal kallikrein cDNA and genomic human tissue kallikrein gene were cloned. The monkey gene encodes a 257 amino acid (aa) preprokallikrein and exhibits 95% and 92% homology to the human at nucleotide (nt) and aa level, respectively. The monkey gene encodes a 233-aa mature kallikrein versus a 238-aa in human. The human kallikrein gene and(More)
We have recently described the identification, isolation, and characterization of a factor, termed stem cell factor (SCF), which acts on primitive hematopoietic progenitors of the marrow. A soluble form of the factor was isolated from the conditioned medium of a rat cell line (Zsebo, K. M., Wypych, J., McNiece, I. K., Lu, H. S., Smith, K. A., Karkare, S.(More)
The gene for human stem cell factor (SCF) encodes a leader sequence followed by 248 amino acids (Martin et al., 1990, Cell 63, 203). Of these 248 amino acids, the first 189 correspond to an extracellular domain and the remainder correspond to a hydrophobic transmembrane domain plus a cytoplasmic domain. A naturally occurring soluble form, released by(More)