Learn More
Eight naturally purified microcystins (MCs), including MC-LR, -FR, -WR, -RR, [d-Asp(3)]MC-FR, -WR, -RR, and [Dha(7)]MC-RR were utilized to determine the effects of amino acid substitutions and modifications on MC-induced protein phosphatase inhibition activity and mouse toxicity. Catalytic subunits of protein phosphatase 1 (PP-1) and 2A (PP-2A) were(More)
β-Amyloid peptide (1) (Aβ) aggregates are toxic to neuron and the main cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of congo red (CR) on Aβ aggregation is controversial in aqueous solution. Both prevention and promotion of Aβ aggregation have been proposed, suggesting that CR may interact with Aβ of different structural conformations resulting in different(More)
An unidentified Bacillus licheniformis trehalose-6-phosphate hydrolase (BlTreA) gene was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli M15 cells. The over-expressed BlTreA was purified to apparent homogeneity by metal-affinity chromatography and its molecular mass was determined to be approximately 65.9 kDa. The temperature and pH optima for(More)
OBJECTIVE Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs), which are the most specific autoantibody marker in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), correlate with disease activity; however, the role of ACPAs in RA pathogenesis has not been elucidated. We hypothesized that ACPAs may directly stimulate mononuclear cells to produce inflammatory cytokines.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs could promote T cell inflammatory responses in patients with RA. The expression levels of 10 potential aberrantly expressed lncRNAs were evaluated in T cells from 39 patients with RA and 17 controls using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The(More)
Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and may result from a deficiency of folate, vitamin B-6 or vitamin B-12. Because vitamin B-12 deficiency is often associated with vegetarianism, this study was designed to examine the effect of Taiwanese vegetarian diets on B-vitamin status and plasma homocysteine levels.(More)
KLHY is a short amino-acid sequence of inhibitor-2. This sequence is highly conserved with the protein phosphatase 1 (PP1)-binding consensus motif, RVXF. The role of this segment in binding with PP1 is ambiguous. By using surface plasmon resonance we have characterized its binding ability to PP1. Either site-directed mutagenesis or deletion of KLHY did not(More)
The neurotoxicity of Aβ is associated with the formation of free radical by interacting with redox active metals such as Cu(2+). However, the relationship between ion-interaction, ion-driven free radical formation, and Aβ conformation remains to be further elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the correlation of Cu(2+) interaction and(More)
We have isolated three major cDNA fragments of protein phosphatase inhibitor-1 from human brain and liver by RT-PCR. The 536 bp fragment encoded the wild-type of inhibitor-1 while two other fragments were alternative splice products of the inhibitor-1 gene, which was confirmed by partial genomic DNA sequencing. The 380 bp fragment encoded an in-frame(More)
We have identified a novel protein, protein phosphatase 1 F-actin cytoskeleton targeting subunit (phostensin). This protein is encoded by KIAA1949 and was found to associate with protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) in the yeast two-hybrid assay, co-immunoprecipitation, and GST pull-down assay. Northern blot analysis revealed that phostensin mRNA was predominantly(More)