Hsien-bin Huang

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Eight naturally purified microcystins (MCs), including MC-LR, -FR, -WR, -RR, [d-Asp(3)]MC-FR, -WR, -RR, and [Dha(7)]MC-RR were utilized to determine the effects of amino acid substitutions and modifications on MC-induced protein phosphatase inhibition activity and mouse toxicity. Catalytic subunits of protein phosphatase 1 (PP-1) and 2A (PP-2A) were(More)
OBJECTIVE Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs), which are the most specific autoantibody marker in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), correlate with disease activity; however, the role of ACPAs in RA pathogenesis has not been elucidated. We hypothesized that ACPAs may directly stimulate mononuclear cells to produce inflammatory cytokines.(More)
KLHY is a short amino-acid sequence of inhibitor-2. This sequence is highly conserved with the protein phosphatase 1 (PP1)-binding consensus motif, RVXF. The role of this segment in binding with PP1 is ambiguous. By using surface plasmon resonance we have characterized its binding ability to PP1. Either site-directed mutagenesis or deletion of KLHY did not(More)
Mild hyperhomocysteinemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and may result from a deficiency of folate, vitamin B-6 or vitamin B-12. Because vitamin B-12 deficiency is often associated with vegetarianism, this study was designed to examine the effect of Taiwanese vegetarian diets on B-vitamin status and plasma homocysteine levels.(More)
BACKGROUND Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most common malignant neoplasms in Taiwan. Activation of the mTOR signaling pathway has been linked to decreased radiation responsiveness in human oral cancer, thus it limits efficacy of radiotherapy. To address this question, we investigated the effect of AZD2014, a novel small molecular(More)
Inhibitor-2 (I2) is a thermostable protein that specifically binds to the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase-1 (PP1), resulting in the formation of the inactive holoenzyme, ATP-Mg-dependent phosphatase. Phosphorylation of I2 at Thr-72 by glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) results in activation of the phosphatase, suggesting that kinase action triggers(More)
An unidentified Bacillus licheniformis trehalose-6-phosphate hydrolase (BlTreA) gene was cloned and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli M15 cells. The over-expressed BlTreA was purified to apparent homogeneity by metal-affinity chromatography and its molecular mass was determined to be approximately 65.9 kDa. The temperature and pH optima for(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of aberrantly expressed lncRNAs could promote T cell inflammatory responses in patients with RA. The expression levels of 10 potential aberrantly expressed lncRNAs were evaluated in T cells from 39 patients with RA and 17 controls using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the presence and titer of anti-carbamylated 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (anti-CarGRP78) antibody in serum from controls, and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS). Thirty-three RA patients, 20 SLE patients, 20 pSS patients, and 20(More)
The neurotoxicity of Aβ is associated with the formation of free radical by interacting with redox active metals such as Cu(2+). However, the relationship between ion-interaction, ion-driven free radical formation, and Aβ conformation remains to be further elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the correlation of Cu(2+) interaction and(More)