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OBJECTIVES Our primary objective was to determine the association of maternal serum analytes in pregnancies complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) stratified by umbilical artery (UA) Doppler versus pregnancies with appropriately grown for gestational age (AGA) and its potential use as screening model. METHODS Retrospective cohort evaluating(More)
Cigarette smoking is the major cause of laryngeal cancer. The time to first cigarette after waking in the morning is a behavior associated with several dimensions of nicotine dependence including the dose of smoke uptake. We hypothesized that a short TTFC increases the risk of laryngeal cancer. The analysis was based on data from a hospital-based(More)
Smokers who have their first cigarette shortly after waking, an indicator of nicotine dependence, have substantially higher cotinine levels. There is controversy regarding the role of menthol in nicotine dependence. We hypothesized that menthol smokers have a shorter time to first cigarette (TTFC), and tested whether any statistical association actually(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aims to determine the performance of a five (5) serum marker plus ultrasound screening protocol for T21, T18 and T13. METHOD Specimens from 331 unaffected, 34 T21, 19 T18 and 8 T13 cases were analyzed for free Beta human chorionic gonadotropin, pregnancy-associated plasma protein A, alpha-fetoprotein, placental growth factor and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine whether incorporation of dried blood alpha fetoprotein (AFP) into first trimester screening using the biochemical markers free Beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) can improve screening performance. METHODS A retrospective study of 34 Down syndrome and(More)
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