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The noninvasive imaging of tissue engineering constructs is vital for understanding the physiological changes in construct formation and the design of improved products for therapeutic purposes. In this work, we use the combination of multiphoton autofluorescence and second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy to image the physiological changes to the(More)
Protective effects of carnosine or histidine against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in Balb/cA mice were examined. Each compound, at 0.5, 1, or 2 g/L, was added into the drinking water for 4 wk. Acute liver injury was induced by acetaminophen treatment intraperitoneally (i.p. 350 mg/kg body weight). Acetaminophen treatment significantly depleted(More)
The ultrasound-accelerated enzymatic synthesis of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) from caffeic acid and phenethyl alcohol was investigated in this study. A commercial immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica, called Novozym® 435, was used as the catalyst. A 5-level-4-factor central-composite rotatable design (CCRD) and response surface methodology(More)
An optimal continuous production of biodiesel by methanolysis of soybean oil in a packed-bed reactor was developed using immobilized lipase (Novozym 435) as a catalyst in a tert-butanol solvent system. Response surface methodology (RSM) and Box-Behnken design were employed to evaluate the effects of reaction temperature, flow rate, and substrate molar ratio(More)
Intravital imaging of hepatobiliary excretion is vital for elucidating liver metabolism. In this work, we describe a novel method to observe the intravital dynamics of the uptake, processing, and excretion of an organic anion, 6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate (6-CFDA) in the hepatobiliary system. This is achieved by the use of multiphoton microscopy and an(More)
We demonstrate the application of multiphoton microscopy in diagnosing toxin- (CCl4-) induced liver fibrosis in mice. Although hepatocyte autofluorescence does not vary significantly, different degrees of necrosis and stellate cell proliferation at necrotic sites in livers with fibrosis (ex vivo) can be detected easily from multiphoton-induced(More)
In this study, optimization of enzymatic synthesis of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), catalyzed by immobilized lipase (Novozym 435) from Candida antarctica was investigated. Novozym 435 was used to catalyze caffeic acid and 2-phenylethanol in an isooctane system. Response surface methodology (RSM) and 5-level-4-factor central-composite rotatable design(More)
The aim of this work is to demonstrate that multiphoton microscopy is a preferred technique to investigate intact cornea structure without slicing and staining. At the micron resolution, multiphoton imaging can provide both large morphological features and detailed structure of epithelium, corneal collagen fibril bundles and keratocytes. A large area(More)
Citation Sun, Tzu-Lin et al. " Human hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis by multiphoton autofluorescence microscopy. " Advanced Biomedical and Clinical Diagnostic Systems VIII. Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has(More)
The ultrasound-accelerated enzymatic synthesis of octyl hydroxyphenylpropionate (OHPP) from p-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid (HPPA) and octanol was investigated in this study. A commercially available immobilized lipase from Candida antarctica, Novozym 435, was used as the biocatalyst. A three-level-three-factor Box-Behnken design experiment and response(More)