Hsiao Chang Chan

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Bladder cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide, with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) being the predominant form. Here we report a genomic analysis of TCC by both whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing of 99 individuals with TCC. Beyond confirming recurrent mutations in genes previously identified as being mutated in TCC, we identified(More)
The present study investigated the regional distribution and cyclic changes in the mRNA expression of epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) subunit and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a cAMP-activated Cl- channel, in adult female mouse reproductive tract. In situ hybridization revealed that in contrast to the abundant expression of CFTR,(More)
Using whole cell patch-clamp and perforated patch recording techniques on human cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF airway epithelial cells, we sought to determine whether a single Cl- conductance (GCl) could be modulated via different regulatory pathways or whether multiple conductances could be identified. Cl- current in both CF and non-CF cells was activated(More)
Swelling-induced Cl- conductance in cultured rat epididymal cells was characterized using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Activation of whole cell current with an outwardly rectifying current-potential relationship was observed in cells exposed to hyposmotic solutions. This current was determined, from the observed current-reversal potentials at(More)
Ca(2+)-activated Cl- current (ICl,Ca) in colonic T84 cells is inhibited by the specific peptide inhibitor of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaM KII). Annexin IV, a Ca(2+)-dependent phospholipid binding protein also inhibits Ca(2+)-dependent anion current activation (Kaetzel, M.A., Chan, H.-C., Dubinsky, W.P., Dedman, J.R., and Nelson, D.J. (1994) J.(More)
Although the role of the epididymis, a male accessory sex organ, in sperm maturation has been established for nearly four decades, the maturation process itself has not been linked to a specific molecule of epididymal origin. Here we show that Bin1b, a rat epididymis-specific beta-defensin with antimicrobial activity, can bind to the sperm head in different(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-activated chloride channel expressed in a wide variety of epithelial cells, mutations of which are responsible for the hallmark defective chloride secretion observed in cystic fibrosis (CF). Although CFTR has been implicated in bicarbonate secretion, its ability to directly mediate(More)
The present study explored regulation of anion secretion across cystic fibrosis pancreatic ductal epithelium by extracellular ATP with the short-circuit current (Isc) technique. CFPAC-1 cells grown on Millipore filters formed polarized monolayers with junctional complexes as revealed by light and electron microscopy. The cultured monolayers exhibited an(More)
1. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) modulates the motility and secretion of the gastrointestinal tract. To examine the direct effect of 5-HT on the secretions of colonic epithelial cells, a short-circuit current was used to measure electrolyte transport in the rat stripped distal colon. A neuronal Na+ channel blocker and a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor were routinely(More)
Little is known about the innate defense mechanisms of the male reproductive tract. We cloned a 385-base pair complementary DNA and its genomic DNA named Bin1b that is exclusively expressed in the caput region of the rat epididymis and that is responsible for sperm maturation, storage, and protection. Bin1b exhibits structural characteristics and(More)