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Nonvolatile RAM using resistance contrast in phase-change materials [or phase-change RAM (PCRAM)] is a promising technology for future storage-class memory. However, such a technology can succeed only if it can scale smaller in size, given the increasingly tiny memory cells that are projected for future technology nodes (i.e., generations). We first discuss(More)
The exponential growth in data generation and large-scale data analysis creates an unprecedented need for inexpensive, low-latency, and high-density information storage. This need has motivated significant research into multi-level memory systems that can store multiple bits of information per device. Although both the memory state of these devices and much(More)
— Current large scale implementations of deep learning and data mining require thousands of processors, massive amounts of off-chip memory, and consume gigajoules of energy. Emerging memory technologies such as nanoscale two-terminal resistive switching memory devices offer a compact, scalable and low power alternative that permits on-chip co-located(More)
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