Hsi-Lung Hsieh

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Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression induced by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) was investigated in rat brain astrocyte-1 (RBA-1). Here we report that the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathways participate in the induction of MMP-9 expression by IL-1beta. Zymographic, western blotting, and RT-PCR(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS), a redox signal, are produced by various enzymatic reactions and chemical processes, which are essential for many physiological functions and act as second messengers. However, accumulating evidence has implicated the pathogenesis of several human diseases including neurodegenerative disorders related to increased oxidative(More)
Many reports have shown that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 plays an important role in brain inflammation and diseases. In our previous study, bradykinin (BK) has been shown to induce proMMP-9 expression via MAPKs and NF-kappaB in rat brain astrocytes (RBA-1). However, the molecular mechanisms and physiological roles underlying BK-induced MMP-9 expression(More)
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) has been shown to induce the expression of adhesion molecules on various cell types and contributes to inflammatory responses. However, the molecular mechanisms by which IL-1beta induced intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 expression remain unclear in human rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts (RASFs). Here, we(More)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are the multifunctional factors during diverse physiological and pathological processes including development, wound healing, proliferation, and cancer metastasis. Both TGF-β and MMPs have been shown to play crucial roles in brain pathological changes. Thus, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Thrombin upregulates expression of several proteins in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) which may contribute to atherosclerosis. Here, we investigated the mechanisms underlying thrombin-induced EGF receptor (EGFR) expression and its effect on VSMCs. METHODS AND RESULTS Normal rat VSMCs were used. First, Western blotting and RT-PCR analyses(More)
In a previous study, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) has been shown to induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) expression through mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappaB pathways in rat brain astrocytes. Moreover, transactivation of growth factor receptors and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt cascade has been mentioned in the(More)
Breakdown of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is accomplished by the concerted action of several proteases, including the urokinase plasminogen-activator (uPA) system and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which is crucial for cancer invasion and metastasis. Several reports have shown that the levels of IL-1 beta and MMPs in plasma of the patients with lung(More)
The enterovirus 71 (EV71) causes severe neurological diseases that were mediated through cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in brain. However, the mechanisms underlying EV71-initiated intracellular signaling pathways leading to COX-2 expression remain unknown in neurons. Here we report that exposure of SK-N-SH cells to EV71 increased COX-2 expression and(More)
Upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), especially MMP-9, by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) is implicated in many inflammatory diseases including brain injury. However, the signaling mechanisms underlying oxLDL-induced MMP-9 expression in astrocytes largely remain unknown. Here we report that oxLDL induces expression of proMMP-9 via a(More)