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Osteoporotic hip fractures cause high mortality in the elderly population. However, few population studies reported the long-term mortality of hip fracture among the elderly in Asian population. This study assessed the incidence, excess mortality, and risk factors after osteoporotic hip fractures through inpatients aged 60 years or older. A total of 143,595(More)
OBJECTIVES To use the Bst U I polymorphism as a genetic marker in the search for the association between patients with prostate cancer and normal control subjects. The formation or progression of prostate cancer is presumed to be associated with a polymorphism of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene. The most frequently seen polymorphism is(More)
UNLABELLED What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Silodosin administered by 4 mg twice daily is as effective as tamsulosin 0.2 mg daily in treating patients with LUTS associated with BPH. Relative to tamsulosin, silodosin has less cardiovascular side effects as judged by the minimal changes of blood pressure and pulse rats after(More)
Methylmercury (MeHg) is well-known for causing irreversible damage in the central nervous system as well as a risk factor for inducing neuronal degeneration. However, the molecular mechanisms of MeHg-induced neurotoxicity remain unclear. Here, we investigated the effects and possible mechanisms of MeHg in the mouse cerebrum (in vivo) and in cultured(More)
Apoptotic effects of protocatechuic acid (PCA) at 1, 2, 4, 8 micromol/L on human breast cancer MCF7 cell, lung cancer A549 cell, HepG2 cell, cervix HeLa cell, and prostate cancer LNCaP cell were examined. Results showed that PCA concentration-dependently decreased cell viability, increased lactate dehydrogenase leakage, enhanced DNA fragmentation, reduced(More)
AIM To evaluate the association between the polymorphisms of the ERCC6 DNA repair gene, which plays an important role in maintaining genome stability, and the risk of bladder cancer in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS In this hospital-based case-control study, the association of ERCC6 codon 399, 1097 and 1413 polymorphisms with bladder cancer risk in a(More)
INTRODUCTION Urinary stone disease is one of the most commonly seen urological diseases in Taiwan. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are commonly used for the investigation of genetic markers for stone disease. E-cadherin (CDH-1) is one of the cellular junction proteins related to the integrity of epithelial cells. Our aim was to investigate a(More)
BACKGROUND The DNA repair gene XRCC4, a member of NHEJ for double strand breaks, is very important in maintaining the overall genome stability, and may play an important role in carcinogenesis. To reveal the relationship between XRCC4 and bladder cancer, seven polymorphic variants of XRCC4, including C-1622T (rs7727691), G-1394T (rs6869366), G-652T(More)
BACKGROUND The DNA repair gene XPD, an important caretaker of the overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in the development of human malignancy. Polymorphic variants of XPD, at codon 312, 751, and other sites, have been associated with cancer susceptibility, but few studies have investigated their effect on prostate cancer risk. (More)
BACKGROUND The DNA repair gene xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD), an important caretaker of the overall genome stability, is thought to play a major role in the development of human malignancy. Polymorphic variants of XPD, at codon 312 (rs1799793), 751 (rs13181) and promoter-114 (rs3810366), were chosen to be studied for their association with bladder(More)