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The ability of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to predict tumor volume and stage in patients with prostate cancer would be improved if factors regulating its production and clearance were better defined. A thorough understanding of the pharmacokinetics (regulation of production, metab olism, and excretion) of PSA has been precluded, however, by the absence(More)
In recent years, the utilization of nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the field of neuroscience has forever changed the approach to nerve-related research. The array of novel properties CNTs possess allows them to interact with neurons at the nanodimensional scale. In this study, a CNT rope substrate is developed to allow the electrical(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the association between prostate cancer and cadmium exposure have yielded conflicting results. This study explored cadmium burden on the risk and phenotype of prostate cancer in men with no evident environmental exposure. METHODS Hospital-based 261 prostate cancer cases and 267 controls with benign diseases were recruited from four(More)
To determine the role of 17beta-estradiol and involvement of intracellular phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase signaling in cross-organ sensitization between the descending colon and the urethra, we analyzed urethra reflex activity and protein expressions in lumbosacral (L6-S2) spinal dorsal horn in response to mustard oil instillation into the descending colon(More)
BACKGROUND A real-time clinical decision support system (RTCDSS) with interactive diagrams enables clinicians to instantly and efficiently track patients' clinical records (PCRs) and improve their quality of clinical care. We propose a RTCDSS to process online clinical informatics from multiple databases for clinical decision making in the treatment of(More)
Current therapeutic regimen in prostate cancer Prostate cancer (PCa) is the lead malignancy among males in Western countries, accounting for 28% (238,590) of newly diagnosed cancers in United States in 2013 [1]. It has been the second common cause of cancer deaths in men (behind lung cancer) for two decades [1, 2]. Treatment for clinically localized PCa(More)
BACKGROUND Intracellular redistribution of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazoleproprionate receptors (AMPARs) is known to be induced by natural painful stimulation. We tested the hypothesis that that protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent AMPAR trafficking underlies the development of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor-mediated cross-organ sensitization in vivo. (More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the measurement equivalence and feasibility of the paper-and-pencil and touch-screen modes of administration of the Taiwan Chinese version of the EORTC QLQ-PR25, a commonly used questionnaire to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with prostate cancer in Taiwan. METHODS A cross-over design study was(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a Mr 34,000 serine protease, is recog nized as a useful marker for the detection and prognosis of patients with prostate cancer. Although serum PSA is an excellent prognostic indicator, an increasing number of factors were found to regulate the PSA expression of prostatic cancer cells, which include androgenic steroids, the(More)
It is well-established that cyclophosphamide (CYP) can sensitize the pelvic afferent nerve arising from the urinary bladder and therefore induce suprapubic pain. To test the possibility that CYP might mediate the development of visceral hypereflexia/hyperalgesia by facilitating spinal activity-dependent neural plasticity, we compared the pelvic-urethra(More)