Hsi-Chao Chen

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Research was undertaken to investigate the electrochromic and optical properties of tungsten oxide (WO3) films deposited by introducing hydrogen with a direct current (DC) and pulsed DC sputtering. The results show that WO3 films have optimum electrochromic properties at a hydrogen flow of 4 and 3 sccm for DC and pulsed DC, respectively. In the Raman(More)
A confocal reflector lamp with an asymmetric triangular prism was designed for a stacking illumination of a light emitting diode (LED) automobile headlamp fitting ECE R112 asymmetrical regulation. The optical system includes three 1st elliptic reflectors, three 2nd parabolic reflectors, and one asymmetric triangular prism. Three elliptic and parabolic(More)
The illumination pattern of an LED street light is required to have a rectangular distribution at a divergence-angle ratio of 7:3 for economical illumination. Hence, research supplying a secondary optics with two cylindrical lenses was different from free-form curvature for rectangular illumination. The analytical solution for curvatures with different(More)
This paper studies the preparation of a zinc oxide (ZnO) seed layer deposited onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via RF sputtering, and the growth of ZnO/CNT composite via the hydrothermal method. The ZnO "thorns" have been successfully deposited on CNT "stems." The research focuses on the ZnO seed layer with different sputtering times and annealing processes. A(More)
Transparent conductive Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films were deposited on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polycarbonate (PC) substrates using radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. The biaxial stress was measured with a double beam shadow moiré interferometer, and x-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to investigate the crystal orientation of ZnO. The(More)
The effects of different pitch and angle of gradual-triangle lenticular lens for the point-blank LED fog lamp were investigated under the standard of ECE R19. The novel LED fog lamp was assembled from a point-blank LED light source, a parabolic reflector, and a gradual-triangle lenticular lens. Light tracing analysis was used for the design of the(More)
Titanium oxide films were prepared by ion-beam-assisted deposition on glass substrates at various substrate temperatures. The effect of the temperature of thermal annealing from 100 degrees C to 300 degrees C on the optical properties and residual stress was investigated. The influence on the stoichiometry and residual stress of titanium oxides deposited at(More)
The modulation of color temperature of illumination always use the red or yellow LED to adjust the white LED. The research was to use the Artificial Neural Network to estimate the chromaticity coordinates of 3x2 LED array mixing by red and yellow LEDs. There are four algorithm methods: Levenberg-Marquardt (LM), Broyden Fletch Goldfard Shan no (BFGS),(More)
This study investigates the optical constants of WO3 electrochromic films and NiO ion-storage films in bleached and colored states and that of a Ta2O5 film used as an ion conductor. These thin films were all prepared by electron-beam evaporation and characterized using a spectroscopic ellipsometer. The spectra obtained using a spectrophotometer and those(More)
Titanium oxide (TiO(2)) thin films were prepared by different deposition methods. The methods were E-gun evaporation with ion-assisted deposition (IAD), radio-frequency (RF) ion-beam sputtering, and direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering. Residual stress was released after annealing the films deposited by RF ion-beam or DC magnetron sputtering but not(More)