Hsi-Chao Chen

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The illumination pattern of an LED street light is required to have a rectangular distribution at a divergence-angle ratio of 7:3 for economical illumination. Hence, research supplying a secondary optics with two cylindrical lenses was different from free-form curvature for rectangular illumination. The analytical solution for curvatures with different(More)
This study constructed a measurement system that can quickly and accurately analyze the residual stress of flexible electronics. A double beam shadow moiré interferometer was set up to measure and evaluate the residual stress of tin-doped indium oxide films on a polyethylene terephthalate substrate. However, this system required only two symmetrical fringes(More)
Research was undertaken to investigate the electrochromic and optical properties of tungsten oxide (WO3) films deposited by introducing hydrogen with a direct current (DC) and pulsed DC sputtering. The results show that WO3 films have optimum electrochromic properties at a hydrogen flow of 4 and 3 sccm for DC and pulsed DC, respectively. In the Raman(More)
This study investigates the optical constants of WO3 electrochromic films and NiO ion-storage films in bleached and colored states and that of a Ta2O5 film used as an ion conductor. These thin films were all prepared by electron-beam evaporation and characterized using a spectroscopic ellipsometer. The spectra obtained using a spectrophotometer and those(More)
A confocal reflector lamp with an asymmetric triangular prism was designed for a stacking illumination of a light emitting diode (LED) automobile headlamp fitting ECE R112 asymmetrical regulation. The optical system includes three 1st elliptic reflectors, three 2nd parabolic reflectors, and one asymmetric triangular prism. Three elliptic and parabolic(More)
Transparent conductive Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films were deposited on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polycarbonate (PC) substrates using radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering. The biaxial stress was measured with a double beam shadow moiré interferometer, and x-ray diffraction (XRD) was used to investigate the crystal orientation of ZnO. The(More)
Titanium oxide films were prepared by ion-beam-assisted deposition on glass substrates at various substrate temperatures. The effect of the temperature of thermal annealing from 100 degrees C to 300 degrees C on the optical properties and residual stress was investigated. The influence on the stoichiometry and residual stress of titanium oxides deposited at(More)
The effects of thermal annealing of titanium oxide films deposited by ion-beam assistance at annealing temperatures from 100 degrees C to 300 degrees C on the residual stress and optical properties of the films was investigated. The refractive indices and extinction coefficients increased gradually as the temperature was increased from 100 degrees C to 200(More)
The effects of different pitch and angle of gradual-triangle lenticular lens for the point-blank LED fog lamp were investigated under the standard of ECE R19. The novel LED fog lamp was assembled from a point-blank LED light source, a parabolic reflector, and a gradual-triangle lenticular lens. Light tracing analysis was used for the design of the(More)
Titanium oxide thin films were deposited by electron-beam evaporation with ion-beam-assisted deposition. The effect of the substrate temperature and annealing temperature on the columnar microstructure and recrystallization of titanium oxide was studied. The values of the refractive index varied from 2.26 to 2.4, indicating that the different substrate(More)