Hrusikesha Pradhan

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A total of 1246 faecal and tissue samples collected/received from 119 farms located in various states of India were processed for isolation of avian influenza viruses (AIV) during 2003-2004 as part of a program to monitor AIV infection in Indian poultry population. Avian influenza virus was isolated for the first time in India from poultry farms with(More)
India is one of the countries with the highest prevalence of human rabies throughout the world. Dogs are primarily responsible for rabies transmission. Among them, stray dogs play a major role in that country. Parenteral vaccination programmes are insufficient to eliminate rabies partly due to difficulties in establishing satisfactory immunisation coverage(More)
H9N2 avian influenza viruses are endemic in domestic poultry in Asia and are grouped into three major sublineages represented by their prototype strains A/Duck/Hong Kong/Y280/97 (Y280-like), A/Quail/Hong Kong/G1/97 (G1-like) and A/Chicken/Korea/38349-p96323/96 (Korean-like). To understand the genetic relationship of Indian viruses, we determined the partial(More)
Thirteen BVDV isolates collected in four geographic regions of India between 2000 and 2002 were typed in 5'-UTR. To confirm results of genetic typing, selected viruses were also analysed in the N(pro) region. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all Indian BVDV isolates belong to BVDV-1b (Osloss-like group). Despite a long distance between the farms from(More)
Recent studies have shown that bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) type 1 is widely prevalent in Indian cattle. In a surveillance of randomly collected 562 blood samples from seven states during 2004-2006, BVDV type 2 was detected in two native Indian goats by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (nRT-PCR). The virus isolated from them was(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a competitive inhibition ELISA (CI-ELISA) for detection of antibodies to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) using the helicase domain of NS3 (non-structural) protein and monoclonal antibody (MAb) against it and to estimate its sensitivity and specificity using two commercial ELISA kits as independent references. The(More)
Recombinant antibody specific for the capsid (CA) protein of bovine immunodeficiency virus (BIV) was generated in the form of single-chain fragment variable (ScFv) using the phage display technique for affinity selection. The variable heavy (V(H)) and variable light (V(L)) chain gene fragments were recovered from cells of CA-specific hybridoma (9G10)(More)
The development of a one-step SYBR Green I-based real-time RT-PCR assay is reported for detection and quantification of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in acute-phase patient serum samples by targeting the E1 structural gene. A linear relationship was obtained between the virus concentration and cycle threshold (C(t)) value over a range of 10(7)-0.1PFU/ml. The(More)
Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 virus were reported for the first time in India during February 2006. Herein, we have sequenced and analyzed the PB2 genes of five influenza virus isolates obtained from three affected states (Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra) in India during the outbreaks. In the phylogenetic analysis, the(More)
Since cattle are widely infected by bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in India, we searched for pestivirus infection in yaks. Of 71 pure and crossbred yaks from Himalayan region, pestivirus antigen was detected by Ag-ELISA in three animals. Pestivirus in leukocyte and cell culture isolated virus samples originating from positive yaks was also confirmed by(More)