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l-Glutamate is a multifunctional amino acid involved in taste perception, intermediary metabolism, and excitatory neurotransmission. In addition, recent studies have uncovered new roles for l-glutamate in gut-brain axis activation and energy homeostasis. l-Glutamate receptors and their cellular transduction molecules have recently been identified in gut(More)
The medial preoptic area plays an important role in the regulation of male sexual behavior in rats, and this area receives orexinergic inputs. The role of orexinergic inputs in the medial preoptic area in sexual behavior has not been studied, though they have been shown to play a role in some other physiological functions. In this study, the changes in male(More)
Changes in sleep and body temperature in rats at ambient temperatures below and above the self-selected temperature zone, are lacking in literature. In this report, the temperature preferred by the rats was first assessed before studying the changes in their sleep and body temperature, when they were exposed to ambient temperatures ranging from 18 degrees C(More)
Regulation of body temperature and sleep are two physiological mechanisms that are vital for our survival. Interestingly neural structures implicated in both these functions are common. These areas include the medial preoptic area (POA), the lateral POA, the ventrolateral POA, the median preoptic nucleus, and the medial septum, which form part of the basal(More)
Several studies have shown the importance of the medial preoptic area in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and of body temperature. The medial preoptic area has a rich noradrenergic innervation, coming mostly from the lateral tegmental noradrenergic system. The accumulating evidences show that the noradrenergic afferents to the medial preoptic area are(More)
The role of the preoptic area (POA) neurons in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness (S-W) has been investigated in this study. The cell-specific neurotoxin, kainic acid (KA), was injected (0.8 microgram in 0.2 microliter) intracerebrally for lesioning of the POA. S-W was assessed (on the basis of EEG, EMG, and EOG recordings) for a day before bilateral(More)
The effects of the destruction of the medial preoptic area and the lateral preoptic area with N-methyl-d-aspartic acid on sleep-wakefulness, brain temperature and thermoregulation were studied in two groups of male Wistar rats. Electroencephalogram, electrooculogram and electromyogram, along with brain temperature, were recorded for 3 days, prior to the(More)
Changes in the activity of the basal forebrain sleep regulating areas were studied noninvasively in conscious rats by employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Sleep-wakefulness (S-W) stages were identified with the help of electrophysiological recordings carried out simultaneously. An increase in the signal intensity was observed in the(More)
This study was aimed at correlating diurnal changes in thermal preference of rats with their body temperature (Tb), sleep-wakefulness (S-W) and locomotor activity (LMA). Electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyogram (EMG), electrooculogram (EOG) and Tb were recorded by telemetry, while an activity monitor measured LMA and thermal preference. A special(More)
Homosexuality has been in practice even prior to its recorded history. In the Indian cultural context, discourse on sexuality had never gained an agreeable consensus from any platform. However, in the recent past, efforts were made by governmental and nongovernmental organizations to bring sex-related issues to the masses after speculation on presumably the(More)