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l-Glutamate is a multifunctional amino acid involved in taste perception, intermediary metabolism, and excitatory neurotransmission. In addition, recent studies have uncovered new roles for l-glutamate in gut-brain axis activation and energy homeostasis. l-Glutamate receptors and their cellular transduction molecules have recently been identified in gut(More)
Several studies have suggested that noradrenergic afferents to the medial preoptic area might be involved in hypnogenesis and in lowering the body temperature, and that the alpha1 adrenergic receptors might be mediating these responses. This study was undertaken to find out the changes in sleep-wakefulness and body temperature in rats, when these adrenergic(More)
The effects of electrical stimulation to the septum on penile erections in rats were examined to clarify the mechanisms for regulation of erectile responses during different states of vigilance. Penile responses were assessed by changes in pressure in the corpus spongiosum of penis (CSP) and electromyography (EMG) of the bulbospongiosus (BS) muscle. In(More)
The medial preoptic area plays an important role in the regulation of male sexual behavior in rats, and this area receives orexinergic inputs. The role of orexinergic inputs in the medial preoptic area in sexual behavior has not been studied, though they have been shown to play a role in some other physiological functions. In this study, the changes in male(More)
The study was aimed at finding out the influence exerted by the genital afferents on the medial preoptic area (mPOA), which plays a pivotal role in the regulation of male sex behavior. To fulfil this objective, the effects of stimulation of the dorsal penile nerve (DPN) on the activity of 82 mPOA neurons were studied. The base line firing rates of the mPOA(More)
The role of the preoptic area (POA) neurons in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness (S-W) has been investigated in this study. The cell-specific neurotoxin, kainic acid (KA), was injected (0.8 microgram in 0.2 microliter) intracerebrally for lesioning of the POA. S-W was assessed (on the basis of EEG, EMG, and EOG recordings) for a day before bilateral(More)
Changes in the activity of the basal forebrain sleep regulating areas were studied noninvasively in conscious rats by employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Sleep-wakefulness (S-W) stages were identified with the help of electrophysiological recordings carried out simultaneously. An increase in the signal intensity was observed in the(More)
This study was aimed at correlating diurnal changes in thermal preference of rats with their body temperature (Tb), sleep-wakefulness (S-W) and locomotor activity (LMA). Electroencephalogram (EEG), electromyogram (EMG), electrooculogram (EOG) and Tb were recorded by telemetry, while an activity monitor measured LMA and thermal preference. A special(More)
Several studies have shown the importance of the medial preoptic area in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness and of body temperature. The medial preoptic area has a rich noradrenergic innervation, coming mostly from the lateral tegmental noradrenergic system. The accumulating evidences show that the noradrenergic afferents to the medial preoptic area are(More)
Adrenergic alpha 2 agonist (clonidine) and its antagonist (yohimbine) were locally applied to the medial preoptic area (mPOA), to find out the role of alpha 2 receptors at this brain region in the regulation of sleep-wakefulness. Clonidine produced arousal, whereas yohimbine induced sleep in freely moving animals. Behavioural arousal produced by clonidine(More)