Hrak Ray Jalian

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Dermatologists have long used cold-based therapeutic approaches for a variety of applications. Based on the differences in chemical composition, it is possible to selectively target certain tissues rich with lipid, while sparing the surrounding tissue predominantly containing water. With historical observations of cold-induced panniculitis suggesting the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive and well-tolerated treatment for reduction of localized subcutaneous fat. Although several studies demonstrate the safety and efficacy of this procedure, volumetric fat reduction from this treatment has not been quantified. This prospective study investigated the change in volume of fat after(More)
IMPORTANCE Cryolipolysis is the noninvasive reduction of fat with localized cutaneous cooling. Since initial introduction, over 650,000 cryolipolysis treatment cycles have been performed worldwide. We present a previously unreported, rare adverse effect following cryolipolysis: paradoxical adipose hyperplasia. OBSERVATIONS A man in his 40s underwent a(More)
Propionibacterium acnes is a critical component in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris, stimulating the production of various inflammatory mediators, such as cytokines and chemokines, important in the local inflammatory response found in acne. This study explored the role of P. acnes and its ability to induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in primary human(More)
The expression of TLRs on epithelial cells provides a first line of defense against invading pathogens. We investigated the regulated expression and function of TLR5 and TLR9 on human keratinocytes, because we found by immunohistochemistry that these TLRs are expressed in distinct layers of the epidermis. We found that TGF-alpha, a growth and(More)
The development of fractional photothermolysis is a milestone in the history of laser technology and cutaneous resurfacing. Based on the concept that skin is treated in a fractional manner, where narrow cylinders of tissue are thermally heated and normal adjacent skin is left unaffected, the fractional devices have shown effectiveness in treating a variety(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) have supporting vasculature that serves as a target for vascular selective lasers. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of repeated treatment with a combined 585 nm pulsed dye laser (PDL) and 1,064 nm Neodymium Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser on BCCs of superficial and nodular(More)
Sebaceous glands perform complex functions, and they are centrally involved in the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris. Current techniques for studying sebaceous glands are mostly static in nature, whereas the gland's main function-excretion of sebum via the holocrine mechanism-can only be evaluated over time. We present a longitudinal, real-time alternative-the(More)
Historically, the approach to body contouring has largely involved invasive procedures, such as liposuction. Recently, several new devices for noninvasive fat removal have received clearance by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of focal adiposity. Modalities are aimed primarily at targeting the physical properties of fat that differentiate(More)