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Outcome varies among patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage but known prognostic factors explain only a small portion of the variation in outcome. We hypothesized that individual genetic variations influence brain and vascular responses to subarachnoid hemorrhage and investigated this using inbred strains of mice.Subarachnoid hemorrhage was induced in seven(More)
Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) frequently have deficits in learning and memory that may or may not be associated with detectable brain lesions. We examined mediators of long-term potentiation after SAH in rats to determine what processes might be involved. There was a reduction in synapses in the dendritic layer of the CA1 region on(More)
OBJECT Glutamate is important in the pathogenesis of brain damage after cerebral ischemia and traumatic brain injury. Notably, brain extracellular and cerebrospinal fluid as well as blood glutamate concentrations increase after experimental and clinical trauma. While neurons are one potential source of glutamate, platelets also release glutamate as part of(More)
One of the major complications after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is angiographic vasospasm in the large arteries at the base of the brain. However, a clinical trial of clazosentan demonstrated a 65% relative risk reduction in angiographic vasospasm but no effect on mortality or clinical outcome, raising questions about the role of angiographic vasospasm(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a complex stroke subtype characterized by an initial brain injury, followed by delayed cerebrovascular constriction and ischemia. Current therapeutic strategies nonselectively curtail exacerbated cerebrovascular constriction, which necessarily disrupts the essential and protective process of cerebral(More)
INTRODUCTION Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients often develop brain injury as a result of a number of delayed complications, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Many of these complications arise due to delayed cerebral ischemia, which occurs secondary to the hemorrhage. AREAS COVERED The mechanisms of the delayed injury are reviewed,(More)
Animal models have been developed to simulate angiographic vasospasm secondary to subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and to test pharmacologic treatments. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of pharmacologic treatments that have been tested in humans and in preclinical studies to determine if animal models inform results reported in humans. A systematic review(More)
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