Howard W. Needelman

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PURPOSE To identify the efficacy of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (BSID-III), Screening Test-Gross Motor Subtest (GMS) in identifying infants who are accepted for early intervention services. METHODS This retrospective study included 93 infants with a neonatal intensive care experience who participated in a 6-month(More)
INTRODUCTION The neurodevelopmental outcome of children with repaired congenital heart defect has risen in importance with improved survival. This study compares neurodevelopmental outcomes of children who had CHD with single ventricle physiology with those who had CHD with two-ventricle physiology. PATIENTS AND METHODS Participants included 112 infants(More)
We report the natural history of the closure of the cavum septum pellucidum in 47 premature infants. In this study, a cavum septum pellucidum was present in all patients at 25 to 26 weeks' postconceptual age, in keeping with previous reports. The data from this study suggest that premature delivery does not change the natural history of the normal closure(More)
PURPOSE To determine developmental outcomes and associated factors in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) at 2 years of age. METHODS This is a multicenter prospective study of a CDH birth cohort. Clinical and socioeconomic data were collected. Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID-III) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS-II)(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated 2-year neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with gastroschisis. METHODS We reviewed the records of children with gastroschisis treated between August 2001 and July 2008. Children discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit were referred to the state-sponsored Developmental Tracking Infant Progress Statewide (TIPS) program. We(More)
Correlative echocardiographic and pathological findings in a thoracopagus with conjoined hearts are reported. One twin had tricuspid atresia with discordant atrioventricular connections and concordant ventriculoarterial connections. The morphologic right ventricle was hypoplastic and there was a large muscular ventricular septal defect. The other twin had(More)
The use of postnatal dexamethasone in premature newborns can be associated with a deleterious neurodevelopmental outcome. The effect of hydrocortisone on developmental outcome in these patients is less clear. We therefore sought to examine the effect of hydrocortisone on early developmental outcome in premature newborns. We retrospectively examined the(More)
Extremely low birth weight premature infants are at risk for poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Postnatal dexamethasone has often been used in premature infants to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and this drug is thought by some to affect neurodevelopmental outcome. We retrospectively examined the effect of this steroid on early neurodevelopment.(More)
The use of assisted reproductive technology is increasing rapidly. Research, although sparse, has resulted in inconsistent findings as to the developmental prognosis for infants conceived by assisted reproductive techniques such as in vitro fertilization and the use of fertility drugs. In the present study, the authors compared twins who were spontaneously(More)