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Treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections with the reverse transcriptase inhibitor lamivudine leads to a rapid decline in plasma viremia and provides estimates for crucial kinetic constants of HBV replication. We find that in persistently infected patients, HBV particles are cleared from the plasma with a half-life of approximately 1.0 day,(More)
The visuotopic organization of the primary visual cortex (area 17) and the extrastriate visual regions surrounding it (areas 18a and 18) has been studied in gray rats using standard microelectrode mapping techniques. The results confirm and extend previous observations in the rat. Apart from the representation of the contralateral visual field (VF) in area(More)
  • W F Carman, M R Jacyna, S Hadziyannis, P Karayiannis, M J McGarvey, A Makris +1 other
  • 1989
Some patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection are HB e antigen (HBeAg) negative, have circulating HBV particles, and often have especially severe chronic hepatitis. To test the hypothesis that the absence of HBeAg production may be due to a change in the nucleotide sequence of the pre-core region of the genome, 18 Greek and 3 non-Greek(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure changes in psychometric state, neural activation, brain volume (BV), and cerebral metabolite concentrations during treatment of minimal hepatic encephalopathy. METHODS As proof of principle, 22 patients with well-compensated, biopsy-proven cirrhosis of differing etiology and previous minimal hepatic encephalopathy were treated with(More)
Patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection frequently complain of symptoms akin to the chronic fatigue syndrome and score worse on health-related quality of life indices than matched controls. We address the hypothesis that HCV itself affects cerebral function. Using proton magnetic-resonance spectroscopy we have shown elevations in basal ganglia and(More)
The correlation between visual topography within striate and lateral extrastriate visual cortex and the pattern of callosal connections to those areas has been studied in gray rats. The procedure was to put multiple injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the occipital cortex of the right hemisphere. The cortical areas 17 and 18a in the left(More)
  • W F Carman, A R Zanetti, P Karayiannis, J Waters, G Manzillo, E Tanzi +2 others
  • 1990
In southern Italy, 44 contacts of hepatitis B virus carriers, including infants of carrier mothers, became HBsAg positive despite passive and active immunisation according to standard protocols. In 32 of these vaccinees infection was confirmed by the presence of additional markers of viral replication. In 1 infant, serious disease occurred. The virus from(More)