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CONTEXT Efforts to classify eating-disordered individuals based on concurrent personality traits have consistently converged on a typology encompassing "over-regulated", "dysregulated", and "low psychopathology" subgroups. In various populations, evidence has associated personality variations of an "over-regulated/dysregulated" type with differences on(More)
Thirty-one eating-disordered (ED) women and 11 normal women completed tests of sex-role identity, dysfunctional cognitions, and body image. Anorexics, not bulimics, exhibited body-image distortion. All EDs (distorters and nondistorters) showed "hyperfeminine" identifications. Maladaptive cognitions were present in all EDs, but more marked in(More)
BACKGROUND There is empirical evidence suggesting that individuals with bulimia nervosa vary considerably in terms of psychiatric co-morbidity and personality functioning. In this study, latent profile analysis was used to attempt to identify clusters of bulimic subjects based on psychiatric co-morbidity and personality. METHOD A total of 178 women with(More)
BACKGROUND Bulimic, impulsive and depressive syndromes have all been associated with abnormalities in brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) mechanisms. METHODS We had 26 bulimic women and 22 normal-eater women report impulsive, affective, self-destructive and bulimic symptoms, and then provide serial blood samples for measurement of: [3H]-paroxetine(More)
OBJECTIVE Impulsivity is generally believed to be more characteristic of individuals with bulimic than with restrictive eating disorders (EDs). However, studies have not exhaustively explored the association between EDs and various component dimensions of the impulsivity construct. METHOD We conducted a multidimensional assessment of impulsivity in 84(More)
Studies have linked bulimia nervosa (BN) to alterations in brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) activity and to heightened propensity for parasuicidality and self-injuriousness. The coincidence of self-destructiveness and 5-HT abnormality in BN is of interest, given documentation (in various populations) of an inverse association between 5-HT(More)
Findings show brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)) activity to be altered in individuals who have had bulimia nervosa (BN), even after substantial remission of symptoms. Such findings could reflect persistent sequelae due to BN, or a vulnerability 'trait' that exists independently of active eating-disorder manifestations. We compared women with(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the association between "borderline features" and treatment response in bulimic patients. METHOD Treatment response was assessed in 69 bulimic patients over 6 months of treatment (and 1-year response in 44 of the patients). Patients were classified as a function of whether "borderline features" were (1) "stably" present (at(More)
BACKGROUND Bulimia nervosa (BN) is reported to co-occur with childhood abuse and alterations in central serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) and cortisol mechanisms. However, findings also link childhood abuse to anomalous 5-HT and cortisol function, and this motivated us to explore relationships between childhood abuse and neurobiological variations in(More)
BACKGROUND In bulimic syndromes, binge episodes are thought to be caused by dietary restraint and negative moods. However, as central serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) mechanisms regulate appetite and mood, the 5-HT system could be implicated in diet- and mood-based binge antecedents. METHOD We used hand-held computers to obtain repeated "online"(More)