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A comparison was made of the effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) and K+ on aldosterone secretion and calcium efflux from porcine adrenal glomerulosa cells. In the presence of 1.25 mM Ca2+ in the perifusion medium, both 1 x 10(-9) M ANG II and 12 mM K+ caused a 3-fold increase in rate of aldosterone secretion. ANG II caused a 3.5-fold increase in the(More)
The role of the Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent, diacylglycerol-activated enzyme protein kinase C (PKC) in rabbit eyelid conditioning was examined. PKC was partially purified from the CA1 region of hippocampal slices from naive, pseudoconditioned, and conditioned rabbits 24 hr after the rabbits were well conditioned. Crude membrane and cytosol fractions were(More)
Pharmacologic activation of endogenous protein kinase C (PKC) together with elevation of the intracellular Ca2+ level was previously shown to cause reduction of two voltage-dependent K+ currents (IA and ICa2+-K+) across the soma membrane of the type B photoreceptor within the eye of the mollusc Hermissenda crassicornis. Similar effects were also found to(More)
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) is a 42-amino acid peptide synthesized and secreted from endocrine cells in the small intestine. The role of GIP in coupling nutrient intake and insulin secretion, the incretin effect, is well known. We report that GIP receptor messenger RNA and protein are present in normal bone and osteoblast-like cell lines,(More)
Substances known to alter cyclic nucleotide levels in cells were applied to the isolated toad retina and effects on rod electrical and adaptive behavior were studied. The retina was continually superfused in control ringer's or ringer's containing one or a combination of drugs, and rod activity was recorded intracellularly. Superfusion with cGMP, Bu(2)GMP,(More)
Voltage-dependent K+ currents, IA and ICa2+-K+, across the soma membrane of the Hermissenda Type B photoreceptor, have been shown to remain reduced during retention of classically conditioned behavior. IA and ICa2+-K+ undergo prolonged reduction due to [Ca2+]i elevation produced by a single pairing of a light step with a command depolarization or by(More)
To investigate the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the regulation of insulin secretion, we visualized changes in the intracellular localization of alpha-PKC in fixed beta-cells from both isolated rat pancreatic islets and the pancreas of awake unstressed rats during glucose-induced insulin secretion. Isolated, perifused rat islets were fixed in 4%(More)