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The first St Gallen Advanced Prostate Cancer Consensus Conference (APCCC) Expert Panel identified and reviewed the available evidence for the ten most important areas of controversy in advanced prostate cancer (APC) management. The successful registration of several drugs for castration-resistant prostate cancer and the recent studies of chemo-hormonal(More)
Neutrophil inhibitory factor (NIF) is a hookworm-derived glycoprotein ligand of the integrin CD11b/CD18 that inhibits human neutrophil function (Moyle, M., Foster, D. L., McGrath, D. E., Brown, S. M., Laroche, Y., De Meutter, J., Stanssens, P., Bogowitz, C. A., Fried, V. A., Ely, J. A., Soule, H. R., and Vlasuk, G. P. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 1008-10015).(More)
PURPOSE To define methodology to show clinical benefit for patients in the state of a rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA). RESULTS HYPOTHESIS A clinical states framework was used to address the hypothesis that definitive phase III trials could not be conducted in this patient population. PATIENT POPULATION The Group focused on men with systemic(More)
A subset of patients with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer may eventually evolve into an androgen receptor (AR)-independent phenotype, with a clinical picture associated with the development of rapidly progressive disease involving visceral sites and hormone refractoriness, often in the setting of a low or modestly rising serum(More)
Reverse transcription-PCR analysis of drinking water in the homes of 56 children suffering from rotaviral gastroenteritis has shown the presence of the rotavirus genome in four samples. These strains were different from human rotaviruses detected in the children's feces, as determined by sequencing of the VP7-amplified fragments-three of them of animal(More)
Crypt abscesses allow prolonged apposition of activated neutrophils to the epithelial surface of the colon. Adhesion of neutrophils to both the vascular endothelium and basolateral epithelial membrane share common effector molecules but are distinct processes. This study aimed to define the mechanisms that effect adhesion, independent of transmigration, to(More)
BACKGROUND Improvements to prognostic models in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer have the potential to augment clinical trial design and guide treatment strategies. In partnership with Project Data Sphere, a not-for-profit initiative allowing data from cancer clinical trials to be shared broadly with researchers, we designed an open-data,(More)
1Global Biological Standards Institute, Washington, DC, USA. 2Hollings Cancer Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA. 3Prostate Cancer Foundation, Milken Institute, Santa Monica, California, USA. 4Department of Discovery Oncology, Genentech Inc., South San Francisco, California, USA. 5ATCC, Manassas, Virginia, USA.(More)
Neutrophil inhibitory factor (NIF) is a recently cloned 41-kDa protein from the canine hookworm that binds CD11b/CD18 and inhibits CD11b/CD18-dependent neutrophil adhesion. We evaluated NIF's effects on neutrophil-dependent lung injury in guinea pigs. Pulmonary vascular endothelial CD54 (ICAM-1) was induced in buffer-perfused lungs by 90-min exposure to(More)