• Publications
  • Influence
: The Public Good: Philanthropy and Welfare in the Civil War Era
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From Exclusion to Segregation: Health and Welfare Services for Southern Blacks, 1865-1890
After the Civil War southern whites initially sought to continue the antebellum policy of excluding all but a handful of blacks from public welfare services. The Freedmen's Bureau and the UnitedExpand
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From Exclusion to Segregation: Southern Race Relations, 1865–1890
SINCE the appearance in 1955 of C. Vann Woodward's The Strange Career of Jim Crow, extensive research has been devoted to uncovering the origins of racial segregation in the South. WoodwardExpand
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Review essay: Psychological disorders, socio‐economic forces and American race relations
The Crucible of Race: Black‐White Relations in the American South Since Emancipation. By Joel Williamson. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984. xviii + 561 pp. Notes and index. $25.00 Chains ofExpand