Howard M. Kravitz

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BACKGROUND The influence of menopausal status on depressive symptoms is unclear in diverse ethnic groups. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between changes in menopausal status and the risk of clinically relevant depressive symptoms and whether the relationship differed according to initial depressive symptom level. METHODS 3302 African(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether risk for major depression during the menopausal transition or immediately thereafter is increased relative to pre-menopause. We aimed to examine whether the odds of experiencing major depression were greater when women were peri- or post-menopausal compared to when they were pre-menopausal, independent of a history of major(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the association between psychologic distress and natural menopause in a community sample of African American, White, Chinese, Hispanic, and Japanese women participating in a national women's health study. METHODS A cohort of 16,065 women aged 40 to 55 years provided information on menstrual regularity in the previous year,(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined racial/ethnic differences in significant depressive symptoms among middle-aged women before and after adjustment for socioeconomic, health-related, and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS Racial/ethnic differences in unadjusted and adjusted prevalence of significant depressive symptoms (score >/= 16 on the Center for Epidemiologic(More)
CONTEXT The contribution of reproductive hormones to mood has been the focus of considerable research. Results from clinical and epidemiological studies have been inconsistent. It remains unclear whether alterations in serum hormone levels across the menopausal transition are linked to depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND There is little information about the symptoms of disordered eating or their association with psychological and physical parameters in midlife women. PURPOSE The aim is to examine (a) the prevalence of binge eating, inappropriate weight control behaviors, and weight and body image concerns among middle-aged community women; (b) whether rates of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To examine racial differences in sleep in a large cohort of midlife women and to evaluate whether indices of socioeconomic status (SES) are associated with racial differences in sleep. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS Caucasian (n=171), African American (n=138) and Chinese women (n=59). (More)
This paper examines whether menopausal status is associated with global quality of life (QOL) among women aged 40–55 and whether this association varies by race/ethnicity. We further examine the contributions of other health-related and psychosocial factors to QOL and whether these associations vary by racial/ethnic group. Analyses are based on 13,874 women(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to address five questions: 1) What is the frequency of early REM sleep in subjects in the process of divorce who meet diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder? 2) What is the frequency of this sign in subjects in the process of divorce who are not depressed? 3) How often does this sign persist following remission of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES We evaluated associations among subjective and objective measures of sleep and the metabolic syndrome in a multi-ethnic sample of midlife women. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING Participants' homes. PARTICIPANTS Caucasian (n = 158), African American (n = 125), and Chinese women (n = 57); mean age = 51 years. Age range = 46-57(More)