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In a prospective cohort study of 249 children from birth to two years of age, we assessed the relation between prenatal and postnatal lead exposure and early cognitive development. On the basis of lead levels in umbilical-cord blood, children were assigned to one of three prenatal-exposure groups: low (less than 3 micrograms per deciliter), medium (6 to 7(More)
The implications of low-level lead exposure for children's intellectual and academic performance at school age are uncertain. This issue was investigated in a prospective study of middle-class and upper-middle-class children with low lifetime exposures to lead. A battery of neuropsychological tests was administered at age 10 years to 148 children whose lead(More)
To measure the neuropsychologic effects of unidentified childhood exposure to lead, the performance of 58 children with high and 100 with low dentine lead levels was compared. Children with lead levels scored significantly less well on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (Revised) than those with low lead levels. This difference was also apparent(More)
To determine whether the effects of low-level lead exposure persist, we reexamined 132 of 270 young adults who had initially been studied as primary school-children in 1975 through 1978. In the earlier study, neurobehavioral functioning was found to be inversely related to dentin lead levels. As compared with those we restudied, the other 138 subjects had(More)
In a cohort of 170 middle and upper-middle class children participating in a prospective study of child development and low-level lead exposure, higher blood lead levels at age 24 months were associated with lower scores at age 57 months on the McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities. The mean blood lead level at age 24 months was 6.8 micrograms/dL (SD =(More)
In an effort to determine whether specific aspects of attention are impaired by lead, the performance of 79 subjects (aged 19 and 20 y) on a neuropsychologically based battery of tests of attention was examined in relation to lead levels in deciduous teeth (dentin), current blood, and tibia and patella bones measured by K-X-ray fluorescence. Dentin lead(More)
Pregnancy hypertension, blood pressure during labor, and the umbilical cord blood lead concentration were assessed in 3851 women for whom additional demographic, medical, and personal information was available. Lead levels correlated with both systolic (Pearson r = 0.081, p = 0.0001) and diastolic (r = 0.051, p = 0.002) blood pressures during labor. The(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of childhood bruxism and associated correlates, as reported by parents. METHODS A cross-sectional survey of parents was conducted at 4 private pediatric dental offices and the Children's Hospital Boston Dental Clinic. Data were gathered via a self-administered questionnaire offered to the(More)
The relationship between prenatal low-level lead exposure and fetal growth was evaluated in a sample of 4354 pregnancies in which the mean umbilical cord blood lead level was 7.0 micrograms/dl (SD = 3.3; 10th percentile, 3.4 micrograms/dl, 90th percentile, 10.9 micrograms/dl). Higher cord blood lead levels were significantly associated with gestations of(More)
The contributions of pre- and postnatal low-level lead exposures to the risk of learning problems were evaluated among 1923 children who were born in one Boston hospital in 1979-1980 and followed to age 8 years. In this relatively privileged group, more than 20% of the children had a mother with some formal postgraduate education. Prenatal lead exposure was(More)