Howard L. Lipton

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An unusual biphasic central nervous system disease developed in 3-week-old Swiss outbred mice after intracerebral inoculation of the DA strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus. Nine to 20 days postinfection 86% of mice became paralyzed, and approximately one-half of these animals survived. During this period neuronal necrosis and microglial(More)
The frequent interactions of rodents with humans make them a common source of zoonotic infections. To obtain an initial unbiased measure of the viral diversity in the enteric tract of wild rodents we sequenced partially purified, randomly amplified viral RNA and DNA in the feces of 105 wild rodents (mouse, vole, and rat) collected in California and(More)
Theiler's virus infection in SJL/J mice was studied ultrastructurally at subsequent intervals after intracerebral inoculation. Extensive spinal cord lesions consisting of leptomeningeal and white matter mononuclear cell infiltrates with concomitant primary demylination were seen by 15 days. Stripping of myelin lamellae by invading mononuclear cell processes(More)
Mice experimentally infected with Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) develop a persistent infection of the central nervous system (CNS). The most striking feature of this infection is the occurrence of inflammatory primary demyelination in the spinal cord white matter. The pathogenesis of myelin degeneration in this model has not been(More)
Intracranial inoculation of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) leads to the development of a chronic demyelinating disorder in certain mouse strains. Development of this disease is controlled by at least two unlinked genes, one of which is within or linked to the H-2 complex. In the present study, we attempted to map the relevant H-2 loci(More)
The binding characteristics of the highly virulent GDVII and less virulent BeAn strains of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEV) to whole BHK-21 cells were determined using a direct viral binding assay. The overall rates of association and dissociation of BeAn and GDVII viruses were similar. Using a saturation binding assay intended for(More)
Low-neurovirulence BeAn and DA Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEV) cause persistent infection in the central nervous system (CNS) of susceptible mouse strains, leading to an inflammatory demyelinating process. A role for a specific virus-cell receptor interaction has been posited to explain why only low- and not high-neurovirulence TMEV cause(More)
A 56-year-old man was seen with subacute cerebellar degeneration and was found to have oat cell carcinoma of the lung. Antibodies to cerebellar Purkinje cells and granule cells were detected in both serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and intrathecal antibody synthesis was suggested by serum CSF antibody ratios, CSF IgG index, and CSF IgG synthesis rate.(More)