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An unusual biphasic central nervous system disease developed in 3-week-old Swiss outbred mice after intracerebral inoculation of the DA strain of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus. Nine to 20 days postinfection 86% of mice became paralyzed, and approximately one-half of these animals survived. During this period neuronal necrosis and microglial(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) infection of mice, in which persistent central nervous system (CNS) infection induces Th1 CD4+ T cell responses to both virus and myelin proteins, provides a relevant experimental animal model for MS. During persistence, >10(9) TMEV genome equivalents per spinal cord are detectable by real-time reverse(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) persists in the mouse central nervous system principally in macrophages, and infected macrophages in culture undergo apoptosis. We have detected abundant apoptotic cells in perivascular cuffs and inflammatory, demyelinating lesions of SJL mice chronically infected with TMEV. T cells comprised 74% of apoptotic(More)
After intracerebral inoculation of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV), certain mouse strains develop a persistent central nervous system (CNS) infection and inflammatory demyelinating lesions containing infiltrates of mononuclear cells and macrophages. Previous findings demonstrating a strong correlation between disease incidence, the presence(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) is an enteric pathogen of mice which causes acute and chronic neurological disorders in the natural host. When brain-derived stocks of TMEV isolates are adapted to cell culture they predominantly form either large or small plaques. In this study the type of central nervous system (CNS) infection (acute versus(More)
Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEVs) belong to the Picornaviridae family and are divided into two groups, typified by strain GDVII virus and members of the TO (Theiler's original) group. The highly virulent GDVII group causes acute encephalitis in mice, while the TO group is less virulent and causes a chronic demyelinating disease which is(More)
Full-length cDNA clones of two Theiler murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) strains, one highly virulent and the other less virulent, were constructed in the bacterial plasmid pGEMR-3. Transfection of BHK-21 cells with RNA transcribed from these cDNAs yielded progeny viruses with the exact in vitro growth phenotype and mouse neurovirulence pattern of the(More)
Mice experimentally infected with Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV) develop a persistent infection of the central nervous system (CNS). The most striking feature of this infection is the occurrence of inflammatory primary demyelination in the spinal cord white matter. The pathogenesis of myelin degeneration in this model has not been(More)
The binding characteristics of the highly virulent GDVII and less virulent BeAn strains of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis viruses (TMEV) to whole BHK-21 cells were determined using a direct viral binding assay. The overall rates of association and dissociation of BeAn and GDVII viruses were similar. Using a saturation binding assay intended for(More)
Following intracerebral inoculation of Theiler's murine encephalomyelitis virus (TMEV), susceptible mouse strains develop a chronic demyelinating disease characterized histologically by mononuclear cell-rich infiltrates in the central nervous system (CNS). An immune-mediated basis for this disease is strongly supported by previous studies demonstrating a(More)