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OBJECTIVE In this article, we aim to (a) identify distinct trajectories of psychological distress in the first year after a breast cancer diagnosis in women treated with adjuvant therapy and (b) explore possible predictors of these trajectories, that is, demographic, medical, and personal characteristics. METHOD The 171 patients were assessed after(More)
The goal of this study was to identify distinct trajectories of adjustment to breast cancer over 4 years as well as to distinguish among the different trajectories. The mental and physical functioning of 287 women with breast cancer who remained alive and disease free through 4 years of follow-up were examined. The majority of women showed slight and steady(More)
BACKGROUND Late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD) is a clinically heterogeneous complex disease defined by progressively disabling cognitive impairment. Psychotic symptoms which affect approximately one-half of LOAD subjects have been associated with more rapid cognitive decline. However, the variety of cognitive trajectories in LOAD, and their correlates,(More)
OBJECTIVE Oxytocin is a hypothalamic neuropeptide that plays a key role in mammalian female reproductive function. Animal research indicates that central oxytocin facilitates adaptive social attachments and modulates stress and anxiety responses. Major depression is prevalent among postpubertal females, and is associated with perturbations in social(More)
In in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles using gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) suppression, we investigated whether an elevated progesterone (P) level on the day of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) administration indicates premature luteinization and is associated with a lower pregnancy rate. We retrospectively studied 101 patients treated(More)
OBJECTIVE The trajectory of cognitive decline in patients with late-onset Alzheimer's disease varies widely. Genetic variations in CLU, PICALM, and CR1 are associated with Alzheimer's disease, but it is unknown whether they exert their effects by altering cognitive trajectory in elderly individuals at risk for the disease. METHOD The authors developed a(More)
The epsilon(4) allele of APOE confers a two- to fourfold increased risk for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD), but LOAD pathology does not all fit neatly around APOE. It is conceivable that genetic variation proximate to APOE contributes to LOAD risk. Therefore, we investigated the degree of linkage disequilibrium (LD) for a comprehensive set of 50 SNPs(More)
A large body of evidence supports the importance of focused attention for encoding and task performance. Yet young children with immature regulation of focused attention are often placed in elementary-school classrooms containing many displays that are not relevant to ongoing instruction. We investigated whether such displays can affect children's ability(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the predictive value of sperm morphology assessed by strict criteria on IVF outcome. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of all IVF cycles (January 1987 to December 1992). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES All patients were assigned to one of three groups based on sperm morphology: P-pattern (< 4% normal forms), G-pattern (4% to 14% normal(More)
Family data teamed with the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT), which simultaneously evaluates linkage and association, is a powerful means of detecting disease-liability alleles. To increase the information provided by the test, various researchers have proposed TDT-based methods for haplotype transmission. Haplotypes indeed produce more-definitive(More)