Howard J Seeherman

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A simple one-step procedure that eliminates the need to calibrate the O2 analyzer or measure the flow past the animal is described for calibrating an open-flow respirometry system. The technique is particularly useful for situations of high ambient humidity and for large or active animals where a mask is employed to capture expired gases. A measured N2 flow(More)
We describe a simple and reproducible procedure for measuring maximal O2 consumption (Vo2max) that can be used for mammals spanning a wide range of body mass (Mb). Vo2 of trained animals was measured as a function of speed while they ran on a treadmill. Lactate concentration of the blood was determined at the beginning and end of the run. We considered that(More)
Mesenchymal stems cells have a demonstrated ability to differentiate into muscle, bone, and fat. Determining whether these same cells have the ability to differentiate into tendon-like fibroblasts has been hampered by the lack of specific tendon cell marker genes. In order to identify molecular markers of mature tendon, expression profiling was used to(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the maximal rate of oxygen consumption (Vo2max) is scaled proportionally to Mb1.0, as the diffusing capacity of the lung, or proportionally to Mb0.75, as the standardized resting rate of oxygen consumption (V02std). We measured Vo2max on a variety of mammalian species (14 wild species and 8 domestic or(More)
Electrical activity and length changes of 11 muscles of the fore- and hind- limbs of dogs walking, running, and galloping on a treadmill, were measured as a function of forward speed and gait. Our purpose was to find out whether the activity patterns of the major limb muscles were consistent with the two mechanisms proposed for storage and recovery of(More)
Carriers for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are used to increase retention of these factors at orthopedic treatment sites for a sufficient period of time to allow regenerative tissue forming cells to migrate to the area of injury and to proliferate and differentiate. Carriers can also serve as a matrix for cell infiltration while maintaining the volume(More)
Ectopic expression of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP2) induces osteogenesis, while ectopic expression of rhBMP12 and rhBMP13 induces the formation of tendon-like tissue. Despite their different in vivo activities, all three ligands bound to the type I bone morphogenic protein receptors (BMPRs), activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)-3 and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic tendon injuries, also known as tendinopathies, are common among professional and recreational athletes. These injuries result in a significant amount of morbidity and health care expenditure, yet little is known about the molecular mechanisms leading to tendinopathy. METHODS We have used histological evaluation and molecular profiling(More)
Forty-six racehorses with a history of poor performance underwent endoscopic evaluation of laryngeal and pharyngeal function while exercising on a high-speed treadmill. This evaluation allowed the definitive diagnosis of intermittent or continual upper respiratory tract obstruction as a cause of poor performance, as well as the documentation of the dynamic(More)