Howard J. Cohen

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This article describes OSF Healthcare's recent journey in patient safety. It discusses the involvement of its 6 hospitals in collaboration with each other and the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. OSF focused on a strategy for decreasing adverse drug events (ADEs). They worked on impacting 4 major areas: safety culture, high-risk medication, dispensing(More)
A study was initiated to examine worker exposures in seven underground nonmetal mines and to examine the precision of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) 5040 sampling and analytical method for diesel exhaust that has recently been adopted for compliance monitoring by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).(More)
Potential exposures among repair technicians engaged in vehicle resurfacing operations prior to spray painting have not been thoroughly characterized. Environmental and personal air monitoring conducted in the State of Rhode Island have shown that automotive repair technicians may be exposed to metal particulates in sanding dust and methylene chloride(More)
Surface preparation activities conducted during automotive refinishing present several potential human health and environmental risks. This study examines the chemical composition of vehicle sanding dust and the prevalence of methylene chloride use as a basis for evaluating potential chemical exposures in the work environment, fugitive environmental(More)
Advances in Grid technology enable the deployment of data-intensive distributed applications, which require moving terabytes or even petabytes of data between data banks. The current underlying networks cannot provide dedicated links with adequate end-to-end sustained bandwidth to support the requirements of these Grid applications. DWDM-RAM is a novel(More)
This study, undertaken initially to understand apparent differences between two recent reports of diesel particulate matter (DPM) inside school buses, involved side-by-side comparisons of two different methods for measuring ambient and occupational exposures to DPM. The NIOSH 5040 method yields time-weighted-average measurements of elemental carbon (EC) and(More)
This article describes interferences encountered in a variety of occupational settings during industrial hygiene surveys of diesel particulate material (DPM) using the NIOSH 5040 Method. The method yields time-weighted-average measurements of elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and total carbon (TC = EC + OC). NIOSH recommends EC as proxy for DPM,(More)
NIOSH published a recommended exposure limit (REL) for metalworking fluids (MWF) in 1998 that was designed to prevent respiratory disorders associated with these industrial lubricants. The REL of 0.4 mg/m(3) (as a time-weighted average for up to 10 hours) was for the fraction of aerosol corresponding to deposition in the thoracic region of the lungs. This(More)
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A systematic search was made of the world literature concerned with possible adverse health effects of inhalation exposure to copper fume and dust. Seven reports published over the past 88 years were identified that contain original human data and purport to document that exposure to copper dust or fume caused metal fume fever (MFF) or an MFF-like syndrome.(More)