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The development and neoplastic progression of human astrocytic tumors appears to result through an accumulation of genetic alterations occurring in a relatively defined order. One such alteration is amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. This episomal amplification occurs in 40-50% of glioblastomas, which also normally express(More)
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Alterations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene occur frequently in human malignant gliomas. The most common of these is deletion of exons 2-7, resulting in truncation of the extracellular domain (DeltaEGFR or EGFRvIII), which occurs in a large fraction of de novo malignant gliomas (but not in progressive tumors or those lacking p53(More)
Mutational inactivation of the retinoblastoma susceptibility (RB) gene has been proposed as a crucial step in the formation of retinoblastoma and other types of human cancer. This hypothesis was tested by introducing, via retroviral-mediated gene transfer, a cloned RB gene into retinoblastoma or osteosarcoma cells that had inactivated endogenous RB genes.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based genechip method and to determine the prognostic value of HPV genotype in bulky stage IB or IIA cervical carcinoma treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radical surgery. A total of 149 patients had adequate tissue(More)
Marked neovascularization is a hallmark of many neoplasms in the nervous system. Recent reports indicate that the endothelial mitogen vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) may play a critical role in the regulation of vascular endothelial proliferation in malignant gliomas. Using novel monoclonal antibodies to the VEGF polypeptide we have determined the(More)
Innate and acquired resistance to chemotherapy and radiation therapy has been a major obstacle for clinical oncology. One potential adjunct to such conventional treatments is direct induction of cell death by activation of death receptor-mediated apoptosis. TRAIL (tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis inducing ligand), a recently identified member(More)
The monoclonal antibody (mAb) 806 was raised against the delta2-7 epidermal growth factor receptor (de2-7 EGFR or EGFRvIII), a truncated version of the EGFR commonly expressed in glioma. Unexpectedly, mAb 806 also bound the EGFR expressed by cells exhibiting amplification of the EGFR gene but not to cells or normal tissue expressing the wild-type receptor(More)
A mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (variously called DeltaEGFR, de2-7 EGFR, or EGFRvIII) containing a deletion of 267 amino acids of the extracellular domain is frequently highly expressed in human malignant gliomas and has been reported for cancers of the lung, breast, and prostate. We tested the efficacy of a novel monoclonal anti-DeltaEGFR(More)
Increased numbers of platelet-derived growth factor beta receptors betaPPDGFRs) on neovascular endothelial cells is a common occurrence in several pathological conditions including wound healing, inflammation, and glioma tumorigenesis. Here we sought to test the biological significance of this by determining whether expression of wild-type betaPDGFR by(More)