Howard H. W. Chan

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BACKGROUND D-Dimer testing is sensitive but not specific for diagnosing deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Changing the use of testing and the threshold level for a positive test result on the basis of risk for DVT might improve the tradeoff between sensitivity and specificity and reduce the need for testing. OBJECTIVE To determine whether using a selective(More)
Treatment options for patients with chronic refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) are limited. Because combination immunosuppressant therapy appeared to be effective in ITP and other disorders, we used this approach in patients with particularly severe and refractory ITP. In this retrospective, observational study, we determined the response(More)
Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding for fibrillin-1 (FBN1). More than 1,000 FBN1 mutations have been identified, which may lead to multiple organ involvement, particularly of the ocular, skeletal, and cardiovascular systems. Mutations in exons 59–65 have been reported in the past to cause mild(More)
The increased risk of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients has been attributed to enhanced tissue factor (TF) procoagulant activity (PCA) on the surface of cancer cells. Recent studies have shown that TF PCA can be modulated by GRP78, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident molecular chaperone. In this study, we investigated the role of cell surface(More)
Carotid artery dissections are the second leading cause of stroke in young adults. The hemostatic response to a dissection involves exposure of the subendothelium to the intravascular environment. Platelet activation/aggregation superimposed by secondary coagulation cascade activity attempts to heal the injury. Failure of the hemostatic response to heal the(More)
The nonspecific binding of heparin to plasma proteins compromises its anticoagulant activity by reducing the amount of heparin available to bind antithrombin. In addition, interaction of heparin with fibrin promotes formation of a ternary heparin-thrombin-fibrin complex that protects fibrin-bound thrombin from inhibition by the heparin-antithrombin complex.(More)
Heparin binds fibrin and, by bridging thrombin onto fibrin, promotes the formation of a ternary heparin-thrombin-fibrin complex that protects thrombin from inhibition by antithrombin. Because thrombin binds γ(A)/γ'-fibrin, a variant with an extended γ-chain, with higher affinity than the bulk γ(A)/γ(A)-fibrin, γ(A)/γ'-fibrin affords bound thrombin more(More)
The majority of patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) have antiplatelet autoantibodies that are most frequently directed against platelet glycoproteins IIb/IIIa or Ib/IX/V. However, there is some debate whether the immune response is oligoclonal or polyclonal in nature. We investigated the subclass distribution of anti-IIb/IIIa IgG(More)
INTRODUCTION Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa), prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) and activated PCC (aPCC) are three non-specific haemostatic agents sometimes employed to reverse new, factor-specific oral anticoagulants. METHODS We conducted a review in the literature to compare the abilities of rFVIIa, PCC and aPCC to reverse factor-specific(More)
Polyfibromatosis syndrome is a condition characterized by the occurrence of several cutaneous fibrotic conditions including Dupuytren's contracture and keloid formation. A 10 year follow-up of a patient with an aggressive type of polyfibromatosis associated with erosive arthropathy is presented. The underlying pathogenesis and management of this uncommon(More)