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OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical and histopathologic changes in a rat model of broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-induced musculoskeletal syndrome (MSS), and to facilitate research into the causes and treatments of MSS in humans. METHODS Male Lewis rats weighing 150-180 gm were administered 10-30 mg of the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor(More)
Wound repair involves cell migration and tissue remodeling, and these ordered and regulated processes are facilitated by matrix-degrading proteases. We reported that interstitial collagenase is invariantly expressed by basal keratinocytes at the migrating front of healing epidermis (Saarialho-Kere, U. K., E. S. Chang, H. G. Welgus, and W. C. Parks, 1992. J.(More)
Macrophages are present in inflammatory tissue sites where abnormal degradation of the extracellular matrix takes place. To evaluate the potential of macrophages to participate in such matrix destruction, we studied the effects of three cytokines present in inflammatory tissue sites, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IFN-gamma, on the production of three(More)
Angiostatin, a cleavage product of plasminogen, has been shown to inhibit endothelial cell proliferation and metastatic tumor cell growth. Recently, the production of angiostatin has been correlated with tumor-associated macrophage production of elastolytic metalloproteinases in a murine model of Lewis lung cell carcinoma. In this report we demonstrate that(More)
Mononuclear phagocytes are developmentally and functionally complex cells that play critical roles in extracellular matrix remodeling. We hypothesized that differentiated mononuclear phagocytes, typified by alveolar macrophages, use a spectrum of metalloproteinases to degrade various matrix macromolecules. To test this hypothesis, we have evaluated(More)
Human mononuclear phagocytes can modulate the turnover of extracellular matrix by producing metalloproteinases such as 92-kD gelatinase and interstitial collagenase as well as the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP). We have previously reported that IL-4 and IFN gamma released by lymphocytes suppress metalloproteinase biosynthesis in macrophages(More)
Certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are expressed within the fibrous areas surrounding acellular lipid cores of atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting that these proteinases degrade matrix proteins within these areas and weaken the structural integrity of the lesion. We report that matrilysin and macrophage metalloelastase, two broad-acting MMPs, were(More)
In inflamed tissue sites characterized by on-going matrix degradation, the matrix metalloproteinases are secreted as latent precursors which are capable of proteolysis only after extracellular activation. Such areas often contain locally increased numbers of mast cells capable of releasing complexes between heparin proteoglycans and fully active(More)
We reported that interstitial collagenase is produced by keratinocytes at the edge of ulcers in pyogenic granuloma, and in this report, we assessed if production of this metalloproteinase is a common feature of the epidermal response in a variety of wounds. In all samples of chronic ulcers, regardless of etiology, and in incision wounds, collagenase mRNA,(More)
Monocytes and macrophages can modulate the turnover of extracellular matrix by producing metalloproteinases such as interstitial collagenase and 92-kDa gelatinase as well as tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases. To study mechanisms of metalloproteinase induction in human mononuclear phagocytes, the effects of direct cell-cell contact between activated T(More)