Learn More
Wound repair involves cell migration and tissue remodeling, and these ordered and regulated processes are facilitated by matrix-degrading proteases. We reported that interstitial collagenase is invariantly expressed by basal keratinocytes at the migrating front of healing epidermis (Saarialho-Kere, U. K., E. S. Chang, H. G. Welgus, and W. C. Parks, 1992. J.(More)
Macrophages are present in inflammatory tissue sites where abnormal degradation of the extracellular matrix takes place. To evaluate the potential of macrophages to participate in such matrix destruction, we studied the effects of three cytokines present in inflammatory tissue sites, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IFN-gamma, on the production of three(More)
Certain matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are expressed within the fibrous areas surrounding acellular lipid cores of atherosclerotic plaques, suggesting that these proteinases degrade matrix proteins within these areas and weaken the structural integrity of the lesion. We report that matrilysin and macrophage metalloelastase, two broad-acting MMPs, were(More)
We reported that interstitial collagenase is produced by keratinocytes at the edge of ulcers in pyogenic granuloma, and in this report, we assessed if production of this metalloproteinase is a common feature of the epidermal response in a variety of wounds. In all samples of chronic ulcers, regardless of etiology, and in incision wounds, collagenase mRNA,(More)
In inflamed tissue sites characterized by on-going matrix degradation, the matrix metalloproteinases are secreted as latent precursors which are capable of proteolysis only after extracellular activation. Such areas often contain locally increased numbers of mast cells capable of releasing complexes between heparin proteoglycans and fully active(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical and histopathologic changes in a rat model of broad-spectrum matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-induced musculoskeletal syndrome (MSS), and to facilitate research into the causes and treatments of MSS in humans. METHODS Male Lewis rats weighing 150-180 gm were administered 10-30 mg of the broad-spectrum MMP inhibitor(More)
Human skin fibroblasts maintained in cell culture secrete a collagenase inhibitor which has been purified to homogeneity from serum-containing culture medium using a combination of salt precipitation, and ion-exchange, phenylboronate-agarose, gel filtration, and high pressure liquid chromatography. The pure inhibitor retained full activity and exhibited a(More)
We have shown in a variety of human wounds that collagenase-1 (MMP-1), a matrix metalloproteinase that cleaves fibrillar type I collagen, is invariably expressed by basal keratinocytes migrating across the dermal matrix. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that MMP-1 expression is induced in primary keratinocytes by contact with native type I collagen and not(More)
Elastin is critical to the structural integrity of a variety of connective tissues. Only a select group of enzymes has thus far been identified capable of cleaving insoluble elastin. Recently, we observed that human alveolar macrophages secrete elastase activity that is largely inhibited by the tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP). This finding(More)
We report that matrilysin, a matrix metalloproteinase, is constitutively expressed in the epithelium of peribronchial glands and conducting airways in normal lung. Matrilysin expression was increased in airway epithelial cells and was induced in alveolar type II cells in cystic fibrosis. Other metalloproteinases (collagenase-1, stromelysin-1, and 92-kD(More)