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We have shown in a variety of human wounds that collagenase-1 (MMP-1), a matrix metalloproteinase that cleaves fibrillar type I collagen, is invariably expressed by basal keratinocytes migrating across the dermal matrix. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that MMP-1 expression is induced in primary keratinocytes by contact with native type I collagen and not(More)
To study the interaction of lymphocytes and macrophages in the control of extracellular matrix turnover, we determined the effects of several soluble T cell products on mononuclear phagocyte production of metalloproteinases. Cytokines including IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), GM-CSF, and IFN-gamma were each tested for capacity to(More)
Chlamydia pneumoniae, an intracellular Gram-negative respiratory bacterium, and macrophages are present in inflammatory tissue sites such as atherosclerotic lesions, where abnormal degradation of the extracellular matrix takes place. To evaluate the potential of C pneumoniae for participation in matrix destruction, we studied the effect of this bacterium on(More)
Re-epithelialization involves interactions between keratinocytes and the extracellular matrix upon which these cells move. It is hypothesized that keratinocytes are activated when wounded, and the resultant phenotypic change directs re-epithelialization. We have adapted organotypic cultures, in which oral gingival keratinocytes are fully differentiated, to(More)
I rreversible abnormalities of lung architecture are hallmarks of many acute and chronic diseases. Lung cavities in gram-negative bacterial pneumonias and pulmonary tuberculosis, the loss of normal lung parenchyma characteristic of pulmonary emphysema, and the parenchymal alterations in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis are examples of common changes of lung(More)
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