Howard G. Schutz

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Satiety ratings are often made using VAS or simple category scales. In order to establish a simple, more quantitative technique to index perceived hunger and/or fullness, research was undertaken to develop and test a labeled magnitude scale of satiety. Thirty-seven subjects rated the semantic meaning of 47 phrases describing different levels of(More)
The validity of a food frequency questionnaire for dietary assessment was tested with 31 college students living and dining in a dormitory. A food frequency questionnaire was mailed to participants requesting them to estimate their usual intake of specific food items. Actual food consumption was determined at each meal with self-report forms. These forms(More)
Six methods of assessing individual food intake reported by telephone were compared for accuracy. A sample of 107 students eating in a dormitory dining hall was used. Two 7-day and four 3-day diet records were reported by telephone to either an interviewer or an answering device; and fourteen 6-h recalls and seven 24-h recalls were obtained by an(More)
PURPOSE The objectives of this study were to develop a stage-of-change classification system and to determine the degree to which various adult subgroups have adopted the behavioral changes necessary to achieve a low-fat and/or high-fiber diet as recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. DESIGN The study used a mail survey randomly sent to 7110(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify constraints in adopting dietary fat and fiber recommendations. DESIGN A questionnaire was mailed to a sample of the general population, a convenience sample of persons with heart disease and cancer in 11 states, and registered dietitians in 5 states. The survey included questions on demographic and attitudinal factors that were(More)
In a survey conducted among American females (N = 100, mean age = 20.8 years), consumption of regular and diet sodas and related beliefs and concerns were measured. Based on reported frequencies of consumption, 30 could be classified as users of regular and 44 as users of diet sodas, while 20 subjects did not use either. Both user groups reported liking for(More)
Data on food supplement usage were collected from 2451 adults in seven Western states. No significant differences were determined among states. A majority (66.6%) of the sample used some form of food supplements, with 40.0% consuming one to three supplements per day. The archetype food supplement user was likely to be a young female with some college(More)