Howard G. Parsons

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OBJECTIVES To determine whether supplementation with L -arginine reduces the incidence of all stages of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants with birth weight < or =1250 g and gestational age < or =32 weeks. STUDY DESIGN In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 152 premature infants were prospectively, randomly assigned to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether L-arginine concentrations (the substrate for nitric oxide synthesis) are lower in premature infants in whom necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) develops than in unaffected infants. METHODS We measured arginine and nutritional intake, plasma arginine, glutamine, total amino acids, and ammonia concentrations in 53 premature(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationships between plasma L-arginine concentrations and the severity of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or systemic blood pressure in premature infants. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Neonatal intensive care, tertiary referral hospital. SUBJECTS Fifty-three premature infants. INTERVENTIONS We(More)
We report a new constellation of clinical features consisting of hypermanganesaemia, liver cirrhosis, an extrapyramidal motor disorder and polycythaemia in a 12 year-old girl born to consanguineous parents. Blood manganese levels were >3000 nmol/L (normal range <320 nmol/L) and MRI revealed signal abnormalities of the basal ganglia consistent with manganese(More)
The risk of vitamin D insufficiency is increased in persons having limited sunlight exposure and dietary vitamin D. Supplementation compliance might be improved with larger doses taken less often, but this may increase the potential for side effects. The objective of the present study was to determine whether a weekly or weekly/monthly regimen of vitamin D(More)
Although the pathogenic mechanisms involved in predisposing individuals to hypertension are not well defined, evidence is accumulating that suggests a strong genetic transmission. Animal studies and some clinical investigations have revealed that aberrant NO production may be an important contributing factor. Indeed, a missense mutation in the endothelial(More)
This study examines the therapeutic outcome of a low plant sterol diet and adjunctive drug therapy (cholestyramine) in the long term treatment of beta-sitosterolemia. A diet restricted in plant sterols, cholesterol and fat was implemented in a 48-year-old male beta-sitosterolemic patient. The plant sterols beta-sitosterol, campesterol and stigmasterol, and(More)
Crohn's disease is a chronic disease characterized by oxidant-induced tissue injury and increased intestinal permeability. A consequence of oxidative damage is the accumulation of DNA strand breaks and activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), which subsequently catalyzes ADP-ribosylation of target proteins. In this study, we assessed the role of(More)
Pancreatic endocrine function was studied in 50 patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and 15 healthy controls by measuring glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon and gastro-inhibitory polypeptide responses to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Biochemical and clinical parameters were also measured, including glycosylated hemoglobin A1, serum immunoreactive(More)