Howard Fairbrother

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Given the increasing importance of communication, teamwork, and critical thinking skills in the computing profession, we believe there is good reason to provide students with increased opportunities to learn and practice those skills in undergraduate computing courses. Toward that end, we have been exploring <i>studio-based</i> instructional methods, which(More)
As greater quantities of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) enter the environment, they will have an increasingly important effect on the availability and transport of aqueous contaminants. As a consequence of purification, deliberate surface functionalization, and/or exposure to oxidizing agents after release to the environment, CNTs often contain surface oxides(More)
Although iron-based permeable reactive barriers are gaining importance for treating groundwater contaminants, little is currently known about the effect of cosolutes on barrier longevity. Because of their corrosion inhibiting properties, dissolved silica species are of particular concern. This research investigates the effect of silica on the reduction of(More)
<i>Formal code inspections</i> are employed by teams of professional software engineers to identify software defects and improve the quality of software. After reviewing a piece of code individually, members of an inspection team come together to log the issues they have found, and to find new ones. Within the scope of a multi-institutional research project(More)
Exposure of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) to oxidizing acids and other oxidants introduces oxygen-containing functional groups such as hydroxyl, carboxyl, and carbonyl groups onto the surface. This research evaluated how changes in oxygen concentration and distribution of oxygen-containing functional groups influenced the sorption of aqueous zinc(More)
A biologically active, high-strength tissue adhesive is needed for numerous medical applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Integration of biomaterials or implants with surrounding native tissue is crucial for both immediate functionality and long-term performance of the tissue. Here, we use the biopolymer chondroitin sulphate (CS),(More)
As with all nanomaterials, a large fraction of the atoms in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) reside at or near the surface. Consequently, surface chemistry will play a crucial role in determining the fate and transport of CNTs in aquatic environments. Frequently, oxygen-containing functional groups (surface oxides) are deliberately grafted into the CNT surface to(More)
Grafting oxygen-containing functional groups onto carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by acid treatment improves their dispersion in aqueous solutions, but there is a lack of quantitative information on the colloidal properties of oxidized CNTs. We have studied the influence that pH and electrolytes have in determining the colloidal stability of oxidized multiwalled(More)
This paper provides results from studies of the transport of oxidized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (O-MWCNTs) of varying surface oxygen concentrations under a range of aquatic conditions and through uniform silica glass bead media. In the presence of Na(+), the required ionic strength (IS) for maximum particle attachment efficiency (i.e., the critical(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNCT) are taken up by and are toxic to human intestinal enterocytes using the Caco-2 cell model. Caco-2 cells were exposed to 50 μg/ml MWCNT (oxidized or pristine) for 24 h, and experiments were repeated in the presence of 2.5 mg/L natural organic matter. Cells displayed many of(More)