Howard E. Henderson

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OBJECTIVE Centronuclear myopathy (CNM) is a rare congenital myopathy characterized by prominence of central nuclei on muscle biopsy. CNM has been associated with mutations in MTM1, DNM2, and BIN1 but many cases remain genetically unresolved. RYR1 encodes the principal sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium release channel and has been implicated in various(More)
Without intervention, classic galactosemia is a potentially fatal disorder in infancy. With the benefit of early diagnosis and dietary restriction of galactose, the acute sequelae of classic galactosemia can be prevented or reversed. However, despite early and lifelong dietary treatment, many galactosemic patients go on to experience serious long-term(More)
We describe 7 novel mutations occurring on the major allele of the human AGT gene in patients with primary hyperoxaluria type 1, an autosomal recessive disease resulting from a deficiency of the liver peroxisomal enzyme alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AGT; EC These mutations include 3 small deletions, 570delG, 744delC, and 983_988del, two(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoprotein lipase hydrolyzes the triglyceride core of chylomicrons and very-low-density lipoproteins and has a crucial role in regulating plasma lipoprotein levels. Deficiencies of lipoprotein lipase activity lead to aberrations in lipoprotein levels. Worldwide, the frequency of lipoprotein lipase deficiency is highest among French Canadians. We(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to detect tuberculosis-specific lymphocytes by enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay may have important implications for the diagnosis and monitoring of tuberculosis in children, for which routine methods lack sensitivity. We conducted a study to determine the presence and time course of ELISPOT responses in children with(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in lipoprotein metabolism, and has been hypothesized to exert either pro- or anti-atherogenic effects, depending on its localization. Decreased plasma LPL activity is associated with the high triglyceride (TG);-low HDL phenotype that is often observed in patients with premature vascular disease. In contrast, in the(More)
Type III hyperlipoproteinemia (type III HLP) is an atherogenic disorder of lipoprotein metabolism characterized by the accumulation of cholesterol-enriched VLDL and is usually associated with homozygosity for a normal variant of apoE, apoE2. ApoE2(Arg145Cys) is a rare variant arising from a C-->T transition at nucleotide 4031 and has been linked to type III(More)
We have assessed the functional activity of three common sequence variants of human lipoprotein lipase (LPL). Two of these, Asn291Ser and Asp9Asn arise from missense mutations while the third, Ser447Ter, derives from a nonsense mutation, truncating LPL by two residues. As previous in vitro studies have produced conflicting results, we have re-analyzed the(More)
Lipoprotein lipase deficiency causes severe hypertriglyceridaemia due to chylomicronaemia, and leads to recurrent and potentially life-threatening pancreatitis. This disorder can only be managed by dietary fat restriction as drugs are ineffective. We review the experience with familial chylomicronaemia in patients who attended the lipid clinics at Groote(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously described a colony of domestic cats with a naturally occurring mutation in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene. We have now further characterized cats homozygous for LPL deficiency (LPL -/-, homozygotes), and have contrasted these with heterozygotes (LPL +/-) and normal cats (LPL +/+). MATERIALS AND METHODS Density gradient(More)