Howard D. Colby

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CYP2D16 is expressed at high levels in the zona reticularis (ZR) of guinea pig adrenal glands and contributes to adrenal metabolism of xenobiotics. Studies were done to evaluate the effects of age and gender on adrenal CYP2D16 expression and xenobiotic metabolism. In both male and female guinea pigs at 1, 7, 14, or 30 weeks of age, in situ hybridization and(More)
Experiments were done to determine the actions of ACTH on the morphologic and functional characteristics of the zona fasciculata (ZF) and zona reticularis (ZR) in the guinea pig adrenal cortex. In control guinea pigs, a number of morphologic differences distinguished the ZF from the ZR, including the presence of far more lipid in the ZF than in the ZR.(More)
Recent reports indicate that the cytochrome P450 isozyme, CYP2D16, is expressed at high levels in the inner regions of the guinea pig adrenal cortex and may contribute to xenobiotic and/or steroid metabolism in the gland. In the present studies, immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques were employed to definitively establish the localization(More)
Previous studies established that cells isolated from the chromatically distinct inner (primarily zona reticularis) and outer (zona fasciculata + zona glomerulosa) zones of the guinea pig adrenal cortex had vastly different steroidogenic capabilities; the outer zone produced far more cortisol than the inner zone. The mechanism(s) responsible for those(More)
Studies were done to determine the effects of age on steroidogenesis in the inner (zona reticularis) and outer (zona fasciculata plus glomerulosa) zones of the guinea pig adrenal cortex. In 35-day-old animals, cortisol production by adrenal outer zone cells was approximately twice as great as that by inner zone cells. With aging, cortisol secretion by inner(More)
We have studied the effects of ACTH treatment on steroid hydroxylase activities in the inner (zona reticularis) and outer (zona fasciculata plus zona glomerulosa) zones of the guinea pig adrenal cortex. Animals received 5 or 10 U of ACTH daily for 6 days and enzyme activities were then assessed in isolated microsomal or mitochondrial preparations. In(More)
  • H D Colby
  • 1981
A large number of chemicals are known to interfere with steroidogenesis in the adrenal cortex and other tissues. Many xenobiotics inhibit steroid hormone production as a result of interactions with cytochrome P-450-containing hydroxylases in adrenal mitochondria or microsomes. For example, metyrapone, a compound used clinically in the evaluation of(More)
Studies were conducted to further examine the mechanisms responsible for gonadal hormone effects on the rat adrenocortical 11beta-hydroxylase system. Despite higher concentrations of cytochrome P-450 and larger 11-deoxycorticosterone (DOC)-induced difference spectra in adrenal mitochondria from females than males, no sex difference in 11beta-hydroxylase(More)
Prior studies demonstrated far greater amounts of lipid peroxidation (LP) in mitochondria from the zona reticularis (inner zone) of the guinea pig adrenal cortex than in mitochondria from the outer zone (zona fasciculata + zona glomerulosa) of the gland. alpha-Tocopherol concentrations, by contrast, were greater in the outer zone. To determine if the(More)