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BACKGROUND Periodontal ligament (PL) width is precisely maintained throughout the lifetime of adult mammals, but the biological mechanisms that regulate the spatial locations of the cell populations for bone, cementum, and PL are unknown. METHODS As bisphosphonates induce ankylosis in mouse molar teeth, we used ethane-1-hydroxy-1, 1-bisphosphonate-(HEBP,(More)
Periostea consisting of the osteogenic layer and the fibrous layer of the periosteum were dissected from 17-day-old embryonic chick calvariae, leaving the osteoblasts behind on bone. The dissected periostea were folded with the osteogenic cells in apposition. The explants were cultured on plasma clots for up to 6 days, during which time osteodifferentiation(More)
The serum glycoprotein fetuin is expressed during embryogenesis in multiple tissues including limb buds and has been shown to promote bone remodeling and stimulate cell proliferation in vitro. In this report, we demonstrate that fetuin antagonizes the antiproliferative action of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in cell cultures. Surface plasmon(More)
Osteoporosis is a common problem of aging and results from a failure of homeostatic mechanisms to regulate osteogenesis and mineralization. Bovine and human forms of fetuin glycoprotein bind to the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/BMP (bone morphogenic protein) cytokines and block their osteogenic activity in cell culture assays (Demetriou, M.,(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effectiveness of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for periodontitis in adults as a primary mode of treatment or as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment of scaling and root planing (SRP) compared to a conventional non-surgical SRP treatment. METHODS MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, other relevant databases, and(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of Helium-Neon (He-Ne) laser irradiation of a photosensitizer to induce localized phototoxic effects that kill periodontal pathogens is well documented and is termed photodynamic therapy (PDT). OBJECTIVES We investigated the potential of a conventional light source (red-filtered Xenon lamp) to activate toluidine blue O (TBO) in(More)
Previous studies have shown that characteristics of posttraumatic temporomandibular disorders (pTMD) differ considerably from those of nontraumatic or idiopathic temporomandibular disorders (iTMD). Both the rate of recovery and the amount of treatment required appear to be different for both groups. In this blinded study, 14 patients with iTMD and 13(More)
Calvarial periostea were dissected from 17-day-old embryonic chicks and folded with the osteogenic cells in apposition. The folded explants were cultured for up to six d on serum and plasma clots or in serum-free hormone-supplemented completely-defined medium. Osteoid consistently formed in such cultures in both types of media, and this osteoid mineralized(More)
Soluble transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)/bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-binding proteins are widely distributed in mammalian tissues and control cytokine access to membrane signaling receptors. The serum and bone-resident glycoprotein alpha2-HS-glycoprotein/fetuin (ASHG) binds to TGF-beta/BMP cytokines and blocks TGF-beta1 binding to cell(More)
The addition of the organic phosphate, beta-glycerophosphate, to the culture media of osteoid forming cells or tissues will induce formation of mineralized bone. The mechanisms behind this phenomenon are not clearly understood. In order to gain new understanding of organic phosphate induced mineralization of bone it was decided to attempt to inhibit this(More)