Howard C. Crawford

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To evaluate the role of oncogenic RAS mutations in pancreatic tumorigenesis, we directed endogenous expression of KRAS(G12D) to progenitor cells of the mouse pancreas. We find that physiological levels of Kras(G12D) induce ductal lesions that recapitulate the full spectrum of human pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasias (PanINs), putative precursors to(More)
RhoA organizes actin stress fibres and is necessary for cell transformation by oncogenes such as src and ras. Moreover, RhoA is implicated in cadherin clustering during the formation of adherens junctions. The catenin p120 has also been implicated in cadherin clustering through an unknown mechanism. Here we show that p120 selectively inhibits RhoA activity(More)
The function of many transmembrane molecules can be altered by cleavage and subsequent release of their ectodomains. We have investigated ectodomain cleavage of the cell-cell adhesion and signal-transducing molecule E-cadherin. The E-cadherin ectodomain is constitutively shed from the surface of MCF-7 and MDCKts.srcC12 cells in culture. Release of the 80(More)
The p120(ctn)-binding partner Kaiso is a new member of the POZ-zinc finger family of transcription factors implicated in development and cancer. To understand the role of Kaiso in gene regulation and p120(ctn)-mediated signaling and adhesion, we sought to identify Kaiso-specific DNA binding sequences and potential target genes. Here we demonstrate that(More)
Matrilysin is a matrix metalloproteinase expressed in the tumor cells of greater than 80% of intestinal adenomas. The majority of these intestinal tumors are associated with the accumulation of β-catenin, a component of the cadherin adhesion complex and, through its association with the T Cell Factor (Tcf) DNA binding proteins, a regulator in the Wnt signal(More)
Initiation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is definitively linked to activating mutations in the KRAS oncogene. However, PDA mouse models show that mutant Kras expression early in development gives rise to a normal pancreas, with tumors forming only after a long latency or pancreatitis induction. Here, we show that oncogenic KRAS upregulates(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted phosphoprotein shown to function in wound healing, inflammation, and tumor progression. Expression of OPN is often co-localized with members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. We report that OPN is a novel substrate for two MMPs, MMP-3 (stromelysin-1) and MMP-7 (matrilysin). Three cleavage sites were identified for(More)
The POZ-zinc finger transcription factor Kaiso was first identified as a specific binding partner for the Armadillo catenin and cell adhesion cofactor, p120ctn. Kaiso is a unique POZ protein with bi-modal DNA-binding properties; it associates with a sequence-specific DNA consensus Kaiso binding site (KBS) or methylated CpG dinucleotides, and regulates(More)
FOXA1 and FOXA2, members of the forkhead transcription factor family, are critical for epithelial differentiation in many endoderm-derived organs, including the pancreas. However, their role in tumor progression is largely unknown. Here, we identified FOXA1 and FOXA2 as important antagonists of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic(More)
The matrix metalloproteinase matrilysin (MMP-7) is expressed in the tumor cells of a majority of mouse intestinal and human colonic adenomas. We showed previously that matrilysin is a target gene of beta-catenin-Tcf, the transcription factor complex whose activity is thought to play a crucial role in the initiation of intestinal tumorigenesis. Here we(More)