Howard B Kaplan

Learn More
Hypotheses are tested concerning the relationship between level of and changes in self-attitudes on the one hand and the adoption of membership in the charismatic religious movement on the other hand. The hypotheses are derived from a general theory of deviant behavior. Subjects (generally aged 13-25) were 65 members of a local charismatic religious group(More)
The hypothesis that "among initially high self-derogation subjects deviant response patterns (alcohol and drug abuse, delinquent patterns, etc.) are related to subsequent decreases in self-derogation" was tested with data from a longitudinal survey study of adolescents. Among higher and lower socioeconomic status (SES) males initially high self-derogation(More)
The hypothesis that increase in negative self-attitudes is an antecedent condition of deviant responses was tested. Subjects were seventhgrade students who responded to a questionnaire three times at annual intervals (N=3148). Self-attitudes were measured by a sevenitem self-derogation scale. Change in self-derogation was determined by expressing the(More)
A statement of a general theory of deviant behavior asserts that four factors or processes intervene between the development of self-rejecting attitudes and adoption of deviant patterns. An earlier report demonstrated a relationship between antecedent negative self-attitudes and subsequent increases in seven variables that reflected these four factors. The(More)
The authors administered measures of depression, hopelessness, and strength of suicidal intent to a sample of 112 suicide attempters. The results for the 55 subjects diagnosed as depressive and admitted within 72 hours after their attempt were compared with results obtained by Minkoff and associates using comparable measures. Contrary to the findings of the(More)
We report a series of analyses designed to estimate increasingly elaborated theoretical models that explain adolescent drug use. Each of the successive elaborations adds a theoretical construct to the explanatory model in order to increase our understanding of drug use by specifying in greater detail the nature of the structural relationships among the(More)
Of 400 patients followed up for 1 year after release from the hospital, 34% were readmitted during that year. For schizophrenic patients the readmission rate was 49%, and for nonschizophrenic patients it was 21%. Rate of rehospitalization was positively related to number of prior hospitalizations, cumulative months of prior hospitalization, and duration of(More)
In order to determine the best combination of variables for predicting which patients would be released from state mental hospitals and which would be retained, the 1,500 patients examined in the course of a cross-sectional survey of the residental population of Texas state mental hospitals in 1966 were followed up in 1971. Eighteen variables were selected(More)
Negative social sanctions are reactions by others to the real or imagined behavior of an actor that, either by the intentions of the others or the perceptions of the actor, serve as punishments for·the behavior of the actor. One theoretical perspective, labeling theory, fosters "the ironic v.iew that punishment often makes individuals more likely to commit(More)