Howard B Kaplan

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Hypotheses are tested concerning the relationship between level of and changes in self-attitudes on the one hand and the adoption of membership in the charismatic religious movement on the other hand. The hypotheses are derived from a general theory of deviant behavior. Subjects (generally aged 13-25) were 65 members of a local charismatic religious group(More)
The hypothesis that "among initially high self-derogation subjects deviant response patterns (alcohol and drug abuse, delinquent patterns, etc.) are related to subsequent decreases in self-derogation" was tested with data from a longitudinal survey study of adolescents. Among higher and lower socioeconomic status (SES) males initially high self-derogation(More)
The hypothesis that increase in negative self-attitudes is an antecedent condition of deviant responses was tested. Subjects were seventhgrade students who responded to a questionnaire three times at annual intervals (N=3148). Self-attitudes were measured by a sevenitem self-derogation scale. Change in self-derogation was determined by expressing the(More)
We report a series of analyses designed to estimate increasingly elaborated theoretical models that explain adolescent drug use. Each of the successive elaborations adds a theoretical construct to the explanatory model in order to increase our understanding of drug use by specifying in greater detail the nature of the structural relationships among the(More)
Negative social sanctions are reactions by others to the real or imagined behavior of an actor that, either by the intentions of the others or the perceptions of the actor, serve as punishments for·the behavior of the actor. One theoretical perspective, labeling theory, fosters "the ironic v.iew that punishment often makes individuals more likely to commit(More)
The present study examines the moderating effect of locus of control on the continuity in negative self-feelings from adolescence to young adulthood. We use longitudinal data of 1296 respondents from adolescence (11-13 years old) to young adulthood (20-24 years old). Using interaction effects in linear regression with robust standard errors we find that(More)
Society and Mental Health (SMH) publishes original and innovative peer-reviewed research and theory articles that link social structure and sociocultural processes with mental health and illness in society. It provides an outlet for sociologically relevant research and theory articles that are produced in other disciplines and subfields concerned with(More)
Data obtained from administration of the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) to 66 institutionalized male alcoholics supported the hypothesis that MAST items which reflected alcoholic self-identification were more likely to result in underdetection of alcoholism than the other MAST items. These findings supported the contention that one of the(More)
It was hypothesized that adoption of deviant response patterns regardless of subsequent continuation of the act would be associated with an antecedent increase in negative self-attitudes. Subjects were seventh-grade students who responded to a questionnaire three times (T 1,T 2,T 3) at annual intervals (N=3,148). Self-attitudes were measured by a seven-item(More)
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