Howard B. Gutstein

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The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 has been shown to attenuate tolerance development in rats. In this study, we show that MK-801 inhibits tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of morphine, as assessed by the tail-flick test, in spinalized rats. These results suggest that NMDA receptor antagonists inhibit opiate tolerance at spinal(More)
OBJECTIVE Opioids have relieved more human suffering than any other medication, but their use is still fraught with significant concerns of misuse, abuse, and addiction. This theoretical article explores the hypothesis that opioid misuse in the context of pain management produces a hypersensitivity to emotional distress, termed hyperkatifeia. RESULTS In(More)
We report the cloning of two novel rat regulators of G-protein signaling (RGS) cDNAs using a degenerate PCR strategy. The rRgs12 and rRgs14 cDNAs encode predicted polypeptides of 1387 and 544 amino acids, respectively. We have also identified the human orthologue of rRgs12 by alignment of cosmid sequences in the database which map the human RGS12 gene to(More)
Many software packages have been developed to process and analyze 2-D gel images. Some programs have been touted as automated, high-throughput solutions. We tested five commercially available programs using 18 replicate gels of a rat brain protein extract. We determined computer processing time, approximate spot editing time, time required to correct spot(More)
BACKGROUND Nociceptive sensitization is a tissue damage response whereby sensory neurons near damaged tissue enhance their responsiveness to external stimuli. This sensitization manifests as allodynia (aversive withdrawal to previously nonnoxious stimuli) and/or hyperalgesia (exaggerated responsiveness to noxious stimuli). Although some factors mediating(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular mechanisms underlying both beneficial and undesirable opioid actions are poorly understood. Recently, the three currently known mammalian mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascades (extracellular signal-related kinase [ERK], stress-activated protein kinase, and p38 kinase) were shown to play important roles in(More)
The periaqueductal gray (PAG) and rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) are important brain stem pain modulating regions. Recent evidence suggests that kappa opioids antagonize the effects of mu opioids in the RVM. However, the anatomical relationship between mu and kappa opioid receptors in PAG and RVM is not well characterized. This study examined(More)
MOTIVATION One of the key limitations for proteomic studies using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) is the lack of rapid, robust and reproducible methods for detecting, matching and quantifying protein spots. The most commonly used approaches involve first detecting spots and drawing spot boundaries on individual gels, then matching spots across gels(More)
While different classes of abused drugs interact with distinct signaling substrates, it appears that all utilize receptors in the mesolimbic dopamine system to mediate their reinforcing effects. The regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins modulate G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling by increasing the rate of GTP hydrolysis of G proteins.(More)