Howard B. Gutstein

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MOTIVATION One of the key limitations for proteomic studies using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) is the lack of rapid, robust and reproducible methods for detecting, matching and quantifying protein spots. The most commonly used approaches involve first detecting spots and drawing spot boundaries on individual gels, then matching spots across gels(More)
Many software packages have been developed to process and analyze 2-D gel images. Some programs have been touted as automated, high-throughput solutions. We tested five commercially available programs using 18 replicate gels of a rat brain protein extract. We determined computer processing time, approximate spot editing time, time required to correct spot(More)
Proteomics, the large-scale study of protein expression in organisms, offers the potential to evaluate global changes in protein expression and their post-translational modifications that take place in response to normal or pathological stimuli. One challenge has been the requirement for substantial amounts of tissue in order to perform comprehensive(More)
The application of MS to imaging, or MS imaging (MSI), allows for the direct investigation of tissue sections to identify biological compounds and determine their spatial distribution. We present an approach to MSI that combines secondary ion MS (SIMS) and MALDI MS for the imaging and analysis of rat spinal cord sections, thereby enhancing the chemical(More)
the MIAPE Gel Electrophoresis (MIAPE-GE) guidelines specify the minimum information that should be provided when reporting the use of n-dimensional gel electrophoresis in a proteomics experiment. Developed through a joint effort between the gel-based analysis working group of the Human Proteome Organisation's Proteomics Standards Initiative (HUPO-PSI;(More)
OBJECTIVE Opioids have relieved more human suffering than any other medication, but their use is still fraught with significant concerns of misuse, abuse, and addiction. This theoretical article explores the hypothesis that opioid misuse in the context of pain management produces a hypersensitivity to emotional distress, termed hyperkatifeia. RESULTS In(More)
For centuries, opioid drugs have been the mainstay of chronic pain treatment. However, over time analgesic tolerance develops, leaving few treatment options. Here we show that platelet-derived growth factor receptor-β (PDGFR-β)-mediated signaling plays a key role in morphine tolerance. PDGFR-β inhibition selectively eliminates morphine tolerance in rats.(More)
Accurate spot detection and quantification is a challenging task that must be performed effectively in order to properly extract the proteomic information from two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis images. In Morris et al., Bioinformatics 24:529-536, 2008, we introduced Pinnacle, an automatic, fast, effective noncommercial package for spot detection and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic, intractable pain is a problem of pandemic proportions. Pain caused by nerve injuries (neuropathic pain) is extremely difficult to treat. For centuries, opiates such as morphine have been the first-line treatment for severe chronic pain. However, opiates are often ineffective against neuropathic pain, leaving few options for suffering(More)
Despite recent progress in "shotgun" peptide separation by integrated liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (LC/MS), proteome coverage and reproducibility are still limited with this approach and obtaining enough replicate runs for biomarker discovery is a challenge. For these reasons, recent research demonstrates that there is a continuing need for(More)