Howard B. Gutstein

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MOTIVATION One of the key limitations for proteomic studies using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE) is the lack of rapid, robust and reproducible methods for detecting, matching and quantifying protein spots. The most commonly used approaches involve first detecting spots and drawing spot boundaries on individual gels, then matching spots across gels(More)
Many software packages have been developed to process and analyze 2-D gel images. Some programs have been touted as automated, high-throughput solutions. We tested five commercially available programs using 18 replicate gels of a rat brain protein extract. We determined computer processing time, approximate spot editing time, time required to correct spot(More)
The periaqueductal gray (PAG) and rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) are important brain stem pain modulating regions. Recent evidence suggests that kappa opioids antagonize the effects of mu opioids in the RVM. However, the anatomical relationship between mu and kappa opioid receptors in PAG and RVM is not well characterized. This study examined(More)
While different classes of abused drugs interact with distinct signaling substrates, it appears that all utilize receptors in the mesolimbic dopamine system to mediate their reinforcing effects. The regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins modulate G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling by increasing the rate of GTP hydrolysis of G proteins.(More)
While enkephalin and dynorphin peptides have been well characterized in the spinal cord, the cellular localization of beta-endorphin (beta E) and the processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) to beta E and other non-opioid peptides in the cord have not been extensively investigated. Other investigators have characterized the various beta E forms present in(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 has been shown to attenuate tolerance development in rats. In this study, we show that MK-801 inhibits tolerance to the antinociceptive effects of morphine, as assessed by the tail-flick test, in spinalized rats. These results suggest that NMDA receptor antagonists inhibit opiate tolerance at spinal(More)
OBJECTIVE Opioids have relieved more human suffering than any other medication, but their use is still fraught with significant concerns of misuse, abuse, and addiction. This theoretical article explores the hypothesis that opioid misuse in the context of pain management produces a hypersensitivity to emotional distress, termed hyperkatifeia. RESULTS In(More)
The clinical use of opioids is limited by the development of tolerance and physical dependence. Opioid tolerance and dependence are believed to result from complex adaptations in the CNS, representing a form of neural plasticity. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) are involved in many forms of neural plasticity, and therefore could also be(More)
Proteomics, the large-scale study of protein expression in organisms, offers the potential to evaluate global changes in protein expression and their post-translational modifications that take place in response to normal or pathological stimuli. One challenge has been the requirement for substantial amounts of tissue in order to perform comprehensive(More)