Howard A. Bern

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The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays a central role in the neuroendocrine regulation of growth in all vertebrates. Evidence from studies in a variety of vertebrate species suggest that this growth factor complex, composed of ligands, receptors, and high-affinity binding proteins, evolved early during vertebrate evolution. Among nonmammalian(More)
To investigate the hormonal control of gill Na+-K+-adenosinetriphosphatase (ATPase) (the sodium pump) in coho salmon, a technique for the culture of primary gill filaments for up to 4 days was developed. Trypan blue exclusion was greater than 99.9%, histological appearance of the cells was normal, and total [Na+], [K+], and protein content of gill filaments(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a cyclic peptide initially isolated from the caudal neurosecretory system of teleost fish. Subsequently, UII has been characterized from a frog brain extract, indicating that a gene encoding a UII precursor is also present in the genome of a tetrapod. Here, we report the characterization of the cDNAs encoding frog and human UII(More)
To date, growth hormone (GH) is known to contribute to seawater adaptation only in salmonid fishes (primitive Euteleostei). Accordingly, the effects of homologous GH and two forms of homologous prolactin (PRL177 and PRL188) on hypoosmoregulatory ability and gill Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity in a more advanced euryhaline cichlid fish, the tilapia (Oreochromis(More)
In the circulation, insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) bind to high-affinity-binding proteins. Insulin-like growth-factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) appear to be present in all vertebrates. To examine the hormonal regulation of serum IGFBPs in a fish, tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) were hypophysectomized (Hx) and then treated with homologous tilapia(More)
The effect of fasting on circulating IGFBPs in the striped bass was assessed in relation to changes in growth and metabolism. Thirty-day-fasted (30DF) and 60-day-fasted (60DF) fish, and 60DF fish refed for 14 additional days (REFED), were compared with control, fed fish. Growth and metabolic status of each animal were assessed by determining body length(More)
The status of circulating growth hormone and prolactin during the parr-smolt transformation and during seawater adaptation of coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) was investigated in relation to changes in plasma levels of thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and cortisol, and in hypoosmoregulatory ability. Sampling (biweekly or monthly) occurred between early(More)
Several experiments were performed to investigate the physiology of seawater acclimation in the striped bass, Morone saxatilis. Transfer of fish from fresh water (FW) to seawater (SW; 31–32 ppt) induced only a minimal disturbance of osmotic homeostasis. Ambient salinity did not affect plasma thyroxine, but plasma cortisol remained elevated for 24h after SW(More)
The effect of ovine GH (oGH) in vivo and recombinant bovine insulin-like growth factor-I (rbIGF-I) in vitro on gill Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity was investigated in two seasonal experiments conducted during the parr-smolt transformation period of coho salmon. In 1991, when fish were held under a photoperiod of 12 h light : 12 h darkness, the stimulatory effect(More)