Howard A. Austin

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CONTEXT Fabry disease is a metabolic disorder without a specific treatment, caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-gal A). Most patients experience debilitating neuropathic pain and premature mortality because of renal failure, cardiovascular disease, or cerebrovascular disease. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and(More)
We evaluated renal function in 107 patients with active lupus nephritis who participated in long-term randomized therapeutic trials (median follow-up, seven years). For patients taking oral prednisone alone, the probability of renal failure began to increase substantially after five years of observation. Renal function was better preserved in patients who(More)
Pulse cyclophosphamide is more effective than prednisone alone in preventing renal failure in lupus nephritis. We undertook a randomised, controlled trial to find out whether pulse methylprednisolone could equal pulse cyclophosphamide in preserving renal function in patients with lupus nephritis, and whether there was a difference between long and short(More)
BACKGROUND Uncertainty exists about the efficacy and toxicity of bolus therapy with methylprednisolone or of the combination of methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide in the treatment of lupus nephritis. OBJECTIVE To determine 1) whether intensive bolus therapy with methylprednisolone is an adequate substitute for bolus therapy with cyclophosphamide and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risk for secondary amenorrhea after pulse cyclophosphamide therapy in premenopausal women with systemic lupus erythematosus. DESIGN Controlled, retrospective clinical study. SETTING Government referral-based research hospital. PATIENTS Thirty-nine women younger than 40 years treated with pulse cyclophosphamide therapy for(More)
Urinary exosomes are excreted from all nephron segments and constitute a rich source of intracellular kidney injury biomarkers. To study whether they contain transcription factors, we collected urine from two acute kidney injury models (cisplatin or ischemia-reperfusion), two podocyte injury models (puromycin-treated rats or podocin-Vpr transgenic mice) and(More)
BACKGROUND Controlled trials in lupus nephritis have demonstrated that cyclophosphamide therapy is superior to corticosteroid therapy alone. The long-term effectiveness and side-effect profiles of pulse immunosuppressive regimens warrant further study. OBJECTIVE To define the long-term risk and benefit of monthly treatment with boluses of(More)
Despite several years of intense investigation, there continues to be controversy about the value of clinical, demographic and histologic features in prediction of outcomes of lupus nephritis. In addition, contemporary treatments have reduced the risk of progressive renal injury and thus may have altered the prognostic significance of some of these factors.(More)
We have compared the effect of therapy with immunosuppression alone to immunosuppression plus plasma exchange on the clinical course and rate of disappearance of antibody in 17 patients with anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody-induced renal disease. Patients receiving immunosuppression (n = 9) and those receiving plasma exchange (n = 8)(More)
OBJECTIVE Immunosuppressive agents have become the standard of therapy for proliferative lupus nephritis, but some patients may relapse after discontinuing treatment. We reviewed the cases of renal flares in a cohort of patients who participated in 2 randomized controlled clinical trials at the National Institutes of Health and explored the prevalence,(More)