Houjuan Xing

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We investigated oxidative stress response and histopathological changes in the brain and kidney of the common carp after a 40-d exposure to CPF and ATR, alone or in combination, and a 20-d recovery. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were measured using standard assays.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chlorpyrifos (CPF), atrazine (ATR) and the mixture of them on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and carboxylesterase (CbE) in brain and muscle of common carp, respectively. 220 carps were averagely divided into 11 groups according to the different treatments and concentration, including the exposure and(More)
Glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes (GSTs) play a critical role in detoxification pathways. Here we report the tissue distribution of four antioxidant GSTs gene in common carp, and their expression profiles. We also investigated the GSTs activity in different tissues after exposure to the agricultural chemicals atrazine (ATR), chlorpyrifos (CPF), and their(More)
Although the chaperone role of heat shock proteins (HSPs) has been demonstrated in invertebrates, the function of HSPs in vertebrates, especially in fish, remains unclear. In this study, relative changes in the mRNA abundance of the HSP70 gene were examined by real-time PCR in the muscle, spleen, head kidney, heart, liver, brain, kidney and gill of common(More)
Atrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF), widely used in agriculture, have resulted in a series of toxicological and environmental problems. We investigated the activities of the biotransformation enzymes ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and pentoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (PROD), total cytochrome P450 (CYP), CYP1A mRNA level and level of tissue ATR, CPF, and(More)
Atrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF) are the most common agrochemical in the freshwater ecosystems of the world. This study assessed the effects of ATR (4.28, 42.8 and 428 μg/L), CPF (1.16, 11.6 and 116 μg/L) and combined ATR/CPF (1.13, 11.3 and 113 μg/L) on common carp head kidneys and spleens following 40 d exposure and 40 d recovery treatments. Nitric(More)
Atrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF) are toxic and subject to long-term in vivo accumulation in different aquatic species throughout the world. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of ATR, CPF and combined ATR/CPF exposure on cytokines in the head kidney and spleen of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The carp were sampled after a(More)
Atrazine (ATR) and chlorpyrifos (CPF) are widely used pesticides in agricultural practices throughout world. It has resulted in a series of toxicological and environmental problems, such as impacts on many non-target aquatic species, including fish. The spleen and head kidney in the bony fish are the major hematopoietic organs, and play a crucial part in(More)
The uses of pesticides and herbicides have become an integral part of modern agricultural systems. The intensive use of pesticides chlorpyrifos (CPF) and herbicides atrazine (ATR) has resulted in serious environmental problems. Herein, we have developed real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) mRNA. The(More)
This study assessed the impacts of atrazine (ATR), chlorpyrifos (CPF) and combined ATR/CPF exposure on the kidney of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). The carp were sampled after a 40-d exposure to CPF and ATR, individually or in combination, followed by a 40-d recovery to measure the expression levels of heat shock proteins genes (HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90)(More)